۱۹۸۲ لوبنان ساواشی

ویکی‌پدیا، آچیق بیلیک‌لیک‌دن
پرش به ناوبری پرش به جستجو
1982 Lebanon War
Israeli-Lebanese conflict, فلسطین در جنوب لوبنان موقاومتی (فلسطین-اسرائیل منازعه سی) and لیوان ایچ ساواشی نین بیر بخشی
Lebanese Army, Beirut, Lebanon 1982.jpg
Lebanese troops in Beirut, 1982
تاریخ 6 June 1982 – June 1985
(main phase June–September 1982)
یئر Southern لوبنان
نتیجه Israeli tactical victories but overall strategic failure.

The third goal was to remove Syrian presence from Lebanon. The recognition that this goal was obviously unsuccessful must betempered by an awareness of the Lebanese situation since 1982. Even when the first two aims seemed to have been met, Syrian recalcitrance acted as a stumbling blocks the Syrians would by nomeans agree to a withdrawal from Lebanon in conjunction with the Israelis and therefore were able to effectively scuttle the 17 May, Agreement between Israel and Lebanon before it had any chance of fulfillment; Syria offered a haven for PLO fighters in the Bekaa Valley from which they could stage raids on the IDF in Lebanon and from which many have now moved back into Beirut and Sidon; and despite having taken severe losses during the June fighting, Syria was able to quickly replace those losses with better Soviet equipment accompanied by a number of Soviet advisors.</ref>

</ref>

For decades now, Arab terrorists operating out of southern Lebanon have staged raids and fired mortar shells into northern Israel, denying the Israelis peace of mind. In the early 1980s, the terrorists operating out of Lebanon were controlled by Yasser Arafat's Palestine Liberation Organization (P.L.O.). After Israel's ambassador to Britain, Shlomo Argov, was shot in cold blood and seriously wounded by the Palestinian terror group Abu Nidal in London in 1982, fed-up Israelis sent tanks and troops rolling into Lebanon to disperse the guerrillas. (pp. 44–45)</ref> The Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO) had been launching guerrilla attacks against Israel since the 1960s (see Palestine Liberation Organization). After the PLO was driven from Jordan in 1971, the organization established bases in southern Lebanon, from which it continued to attack Israel. In 1981 heavy PLO rocket fire on Israeli settlements led Israel to conduct air strikes in Lebanon. The Israelis also destroyed Iraq's nuclear reactor at Daura near بغداد. Israel attempted to destroy the PLO forces by bombing southern Lebanon and Beirut on 5 June 1982. | territory=Self-proclaimed Free Lebanon State slowly transforms into South Lebanon Security Zone |combatant1=Flag of Israel.svg ایسرائیل
Forces Libanaises Flag.svg Lebanese Front

Free Lebanon Army

|combatant2=Flag of Palestine.svg PLO
سوریه سوریه
Jammoul
Flag of the Amal Movement.svg Amal

|commander1=Israel:
Menachem Begin
(Prime Minister)
Ariel Sharon
(Ministry of Defence)
Rafael Eitan
(Army Chief of Staff)
David Ivry
(Israeli Air Force)
Ze'ev Almog
(Israeli Sea Corps)


Phalange:
Bachir Gemayel 
Fadi Frem
Elie Hobeika


Al-Tanzim:
Fawzi Mahfuz


SLA:
Saad Haddad

|commander2=PLO:
یاسر عرفات
(Chairman of the PLO)


Syria:
Hafez al-Assad
(President)
Mustafa Tlass
(Minister of Defense)


LCP:
George Hawi
Elias Atallah


Hezbollah:
Abbas al-Musawi


Al-Mourabitoun:
Ibrahim Kulaylat


Amal:
Nabih Berri


ASALA:
Monte Melkonian


PKK:
Mahsum Korkmaz


Others:
Muhsin Ibrahim
Abbas al-Musawi
Ragheb Harb
Murat Karayılan
Inaam Raad
Said Shaaban

|strength1=Israel:
78,000 troops
800 tanks
1,500 APCs
634 aircraft
LF:
30,000 troops
SLA:
5,000 troops
97 tanks |strength2=Syria:
22,000 troops
352 tanks
300 APCs
450 aircraft
300 artillery pieces
100 anti-aircraft guns
125 SAM batteries
PLO:
15,000 troops
80 tanks
150 APCs
350+ artillery pieces
250+ anti-aircraft guns |casualties1=Israel:
657 dead
3,887 wounded[۵]
4 missing
8 captured
30 tanks lost
100 tanks damaged
175 APCs destroyed or damaged[۶]
1 aircraft lost
2 helicopters lost |casualties2=PLO:1,000-2,400 killed[۷][۸]
6,000 captured |casualties3=Civilians: See Casualties below. }}

۱۹۸۲ لوبنان ساواشی (اینگیلیسجه: 1982 Lebanon War) لوبنان یئرینده اوز وئرمیش‌دیر

گؤرونتولر[دَییشدیر]

قایناق‌لار[دَییشدیر]

  1. Morris, p. 559
  2. In the Spotlight: PKK (A.k.a KADEK) Kurdish Worker's Party. Cdi.org. آرشیولنیب اصلی نۆسخه‌دن on 13 August 2011. یوْخلانیلیب29 February 2012.
  3. Abdullah Öcalan en de ontwikkeling van de PKK. Xs4all.nl. آرشیولنیب اصلی نۆسخه‌دن on 15 December 2010. یوْخلانیلیب29 February 2012.
  4. a secret relationship. Niqash.org. آرشیولنیب اصلی نۆسخه‌دن on 14 March 2012. یوْخلانیلیب29 February 2012.
  5. Wars, Internal Conflicts, and Political Order: A Jewish Democracy in the Middle East, Gad Barzilai, pp. 148
  6. قایناق خطاسی برچسب <ref> نامعتبر؛ متنی برای ارجاع‌های با نام Pollack وارد نشده‌است
  7. Gabriel, Richard, A, Operation Peace for Galilee, The Israeli-PLO War in Lebanon, New York: Hill & Wang. 1984, p. 164, 165, ISBN 0-8090-7454-0
  8. قایناق خطاسی برچسب <ref> نامعتبر؛ متنی برای ارجاع‌های با نام payment وارد نشده‌است

اینگیلیسجه ویکی‌پدیاسی‌نین ایشلدنلری طرفیندن یارانمیش«1982 Lebanon War»، مقاله‌سیندن گؤتورولوبدور.( ۲۸ سپتامبر ۲۰۱۸ تاریخینده یوْخلانیلیبدیر).

قارداش پروژه‌لرده ۱۹۸۲ لوبنان ساواشی گؤره داها آرتیق بیلگی‌لر تاپابیلرسینیز.


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