توران شاه بن ایوب

ویکی‌پدیا، آچیق بیلیک‌لیک‌دن
پرش به ناوبری پرش به جستجو
توران شاه بن ایوب
Al-Malik al-Mu'azzam
Emir of ایسکندریه
شاه‌لیق1180
Emir of Baalbek
شاه‌لیق1178–1179
قاباقکیIbn al-Muqaddam
واریثFarrukhshah
Emir of یمن
شاه‌لیق1174–1176
قاباقکیEmirate established
واریثTughtakin ibn Ayyub
دوغومSyria
اولوم27 June 1180
ایسکندریه, میصر
دفندمشق, Syria
کامیل آدی
Shams ad-Din Turanshah ibn Ayyub al-Malik al-Mu'azzam Shams ad-Dawla Fakhr ad-Din
سولالهایوبیلر
آتاNajm ad-Din Ayyub
دینسونیلر

توران شاه بن ایوب اینگیلیسجه: Turan-Shah، بیر شاهزاده ایدی. ایسلام دینینه اعتیقاد ائتمیشدی.

قایناقلار[دَییشدیر]

بیوقرافی[دَییشدیر]

  • Houtsma, Martijn Theodoor and Wensinck, A.J. E.J. Brill's First Encyclopaedia of Islam, 1913-1936. BRILL, 1993.
  • Sobernheim, Moritz (1913), "Baalbek", Encyclopaedia of Islam: A Dictionary of the Geography, Ethnography, and Biography of the Muhammadan Peoples, 1st ed., Vol. I, Leiden: E.J. Brill, pp. 543–544.
  • Mohring, Hannes. Saladin: the Sultan and His Times. Baltimore, Maryland: The Johns Hopkins University Press, 2008.
  • Maalouf, Amin. The Crusades Through Arab Eyes. London: Saqi Books, 1984.
  • Holt, P.M. The Age of the Crusades: the Near East from the eleventh century to 1517. 1 ed. A History of the Near East. 2, The Age of the Crusades: the Near East from the eleventh century to 1517. P.M. Holt. New York: Longman Group, 1986.
  • Izz al-Din Ibn al-Athir. The chronicle of Ibn al-Athir for the crusading period from al-Kamil fi'l-tarikh. Translated by D.S. Richards. Vol. 2, Burlington: Ashgate, 2008.
  • Baha al-Din Yusuf ibn Rafi ibn Shaddad. A Rare and Excellent History of Saladin. D.S. Richards. Burlington: Ashgate, 2001.
  • Lev, Yaacov (1999). Saladin in Egypt. The Medieval Mediterranean Peoples, Economies, and Cultures, 400-1453. 21. Translated by Whitby, Michael. Boston: Koninklijke Brill NV Leiden.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)