کؤمک:IPA/Italian

ویکی‌پدیادان، آچیق بیلیک‌لیک‌دن
پرش به ناوبری پرش به جستجو

The charts below show how the میلتلرآراسی فونتیک الیفبا represents pronunciations of ایتالیا دیلی in Wikipedia articles. For a guide to adding IPA characters to Wikipedia articles, see {{IPA-it}}, {{IPAc-it}} and Wikipedia:Manual of Style/Pronunciation#Entering IPA characters § See also.

See Italian phonology and Italian orthography for a more thorough look at the sounds of Italian.


Consonants[۱]
کؤمک:IPA Examples English approximation
b banca, cibo about
d dove, idra today
dz zaino, azalea, mezzo[۲][۳] dads
gelo, giù, magia, judo, gadget job
f fatto, cifra, phon fast
ɡ gatto, agro, ghetto, glicosio[۴] again
j ieri, saio, più, Jesi, yacht, news yes
k cosa, acuto, finché, quei, kiwi, koala scar
l lato, tela, glicosio[۴] ladder
ʎ figli, glielo, maglia[۳] billion
m mano, amare, input[۵] mother
ɱ anfibio, invece[۵] comfort
n nano, punto, pensare, mangiare[۵] nest
ŋ unghia, anche, dunque[۵] sing
ɲ gnocco, ogni[۳][۵] canyon
p primo, ampio, apertura spin
r Roma, quattro, morte[۶] trilled r
s sano, scusa, presentire, pasto[۷] sorry
ʃ scena, scià, pesci, flash, chic[۳] shoe
t tranne, mito, altro, thai star
ts zio, sozzo, marzo[۲][۳] cats
certo, ciao, farmacia, chip check
v vado, povero, watt vent
w uova, guado, qui, week-end wine
z sbirro, presentare, asma[۷] amazon
Non-native consonants
h hobby, hertz[۸] house
θ Thatcher, Pérez[۹] thing
x jota, Bach, khamsin[۱۰] loch (Scottish English)
ʒ Fuji, garage, casual vision
Vowels[۱۱]
کؤمک:IPA Examples English approximation
a alto, sarà, must fast (Scottish English)
e vero, perché, liaison fade
ɛ etto, cioè, spread bed
i viso, sì, zia, feed, team, sexy ski
o ombra, otto, show, coach story
ɔ otto, sarò, Sean off
u usi, ragù, tuo, tour rule
Non-native vowels
ø viveur, goethiano, Churchill[۱۲] murder (RP)
y parure, brûlé, Führer[۱۳] future (Scottish English)
 
میلتلرآراسی فونتیک الیفبا
کؤمک:IPA Examples Explanation
ˈ Cennini [tʃenˈniːni] primary stress
ˌ altamente [ˌaltaˈmente] secondary stress[۱۴]
. continuo [konˈtiːnu.o] syllable break
ː primo [ˈpriːmo] long vowel[۱۵]

قایناقلار[دَییشدیر]

  1. ^ Except شابلون:IPAslink, all consonants after a vowel and before /r/, /l/, a vowel or a semivowel may be geminated. Gemination in IPA is represented by doubling the consonant (fatto [ˈfatto], mezzo [ˈmɛddzo]), and can usually be told from orthography. After stressed vowels and certain prepositions and conjunctions, word-initial consonants become geminated too (syntactic gemination): va via [ˌva vˈviːa].
  2. ^ ۲٫۰ ۲٫۱ z represents both /ts/ and /dz/. The article on Italian orthography explains how they are used.
  3. ^ ۳٫۰ ۳٫۱ ۳٫۲ ۳٫۳ ۳٫۴ /ts, dz, ʃ, ɲ, ʎ/ are always geminated after a vowel.
  4. ^ ۴٫۰ ۴٫۱ gli represents /ʎ/ or /ʎi/, except in roots of Greek origin, when preceded by another consonant, and in a few other words, where it represents /ɡli/.
  5. ^ ۵٫۰ ۵٫۱ ۵٫۲ ۵٫۳ ۵٫۴ A nasal always assimilates to the place of articulation of the following consonant. It is bilabial [m] before /p, b, m/, labiodental [ɱ] before /f, v/, dental, alveolar or postalveolar [n] before /t, d, ts, dz, tʃ, dʒ, ʃ, l, r/, and velar [ŋ] before /k, ɡ/. Utterance-finally, it is always [n].
  6. ^ Non-geminate /r/ is generally realised with a single strike, as a monovibrant trill or tap [ɾ], particularly in unstressed syllables.
  7. ^ ۷٫۰ ۷٫۱ /s/ and /z/ contrast only intervocalically. Word-initially, after consonants, when geminated, and before voiceless consonants, only [s] is found. Before voiced consonants, only [z] is found.
  8. ^ /h/ is usually dropped.
  9. ^ /θ/ is usually pronounced as [t] in اینگیلیس دیلی loanwords, and [dz], [ts] (if spelled z) or [s] (if spelled c or z) in ایسپانیا دیلی ones.
  10. ^ In Spanish loanwords, /x/ is usually pronounced as [h] or [k] or dropped. In آلمان دیلی, عرب دیلی and روس دیلی ones, it is usually pronounced [k].
  11. ^ Italian contrasts seven monophthongs in stressed syllables. Open-mid vowels /ɛ, ɔ/ can appear only if the syllable is stressed (coperto [koˈpɛrto], quota [ˈkwɔːta]), close-mid vowels /e, o/ are found elsewhere (Boccaccio [bokˈkattʃo], amore [aˈmoːre]). Close and open vowels /i, u, a/ are unchanged in unstressed syllables, but word-final unstressed /i/ may become approximant [j] before vowels, which is known as synalepha (pari età [ˌparj eˈta]).
  12. ^ Open-mid [œ] or close-mid [ø] if it is stressed but usually [ø] if it is unstressed. May be replaced by [ɛ] (stressed) or [e] (stressed or unstressed).
  13. ^ /y/ is often pronounced as [u] or [ju].
  14. ^ Since Italian has no distinction between heavier or lighter vowels (like the English o in conclusion vs o in nomination), a defined secondary stress, even in long words, is extremely rare.
  15. ^ Primarily stressed vowels are long in non-final open syllables: fato [ˈfaːto], fatto [ˈfatto].

Further reading[دَییشدیر]

ائشیک باغلانتیلار[دَییشدیر]