حلب دؤیوشو (۲۰۱۲–۲۰۱۶)

ویکی‌پدیا، آچیق بیلیک‌لیک‌دن
پرش به ناوبری پرش به جستجو
Battle of Aleppo
معركة حلب
the سوریه ایچ ساواشی نین بیر بخشی
Battle of Aleppo.jpg
Battle of Aleppo twin sieges map.png
Clockwise from top-left: A destroyed tank in Aleppo, the Saadallah al-Jabiri Square buildings after the October 2012 Aleppo bombings, residents of Aleppo wait in line for food, and a Free Syrian Army fighter walking among rubble in Aleppo

Bottom: The situation in Aleppo on 20 August 2016, when both the rebels and Syrian Government forces besieged each other

تاریخ 19 July 2012 – 22 December 2016
(4 years, 5 months and 3 days)[۱]
یئر حلب, حلب اوستانی, Syria
۳۶°۱۳′۰۰″شمالی ۳۷°۱۰′۰۰″شرقی / 36.216667°شمالی 37.166667°شرقی / 36.216667; 37.166667
نتیجه Decisive Syrian Army & allied victory[۲]
  • City divided between a government-held west and rebel-held east, with two northern districts YPG-held, from July 2012 to November 2016[۳]
  • UNESCO World Heritage Site Ancient City of Aleppo largely damaged in the fighting[۴]
  • In December 2016, pro-government forces gained control of all of the formerly rebel-held east[۲][۵]
  • Rebels continue to hold one neighborhood
طرفلر
سوریه سوریه

Iran (from 2013)
Russia (from September 2015)
Allied militias:
Emblem of Liwa Al-Quds.svg Liwa al-Quds[۶] (from 2013)
Hezbollah[۷] (from 2013)
عراق Iraqi Shia militias[۸] (from 2013)
Liwa Fatemiyoun[۶]
Liwa Zainebiyoun[۸]
Ba'ath Brigades[۶] SSNP[۶] (from 2013)
Syrian Resistance

Fatah Halab operations room.jpg Fatah Halab (2015–2016)[۹]

Jaysh Halab (December 2016)
Army of Conquest (since mid-2016)
Ansar-al-Sharia-Aleppo.jpg Ansar al-Sharia (2015–2016)[۱۰]
سوریه Free Syrian Army


AQMI Flag asymmetric.svg شام و عیراق ایسلامی دؤولتی (2013–2016)

YPG[a]

YPJ Army of Revolutionaries

باشچیلار
Ali Abdullah Ayyoub Abdul Jabbar al-Oqaidi
(FSA Aleppo top commander, 2013)

Al-Liwaa.svg Taufik Shiabuddin
(Nour al-Din al-Zenki Movement)[۱۴]


Abu Omar al-Shishani (2013–2014)

Zoran Birhat[۱۷]
(YPJ senior commander)
Sharvan Efrin[۱۷]
(YPG commander)
بخش‌های درگیر
Syrian Armed Forces

ایران Iranian Armed Forces

Russian Armed Forces

Iraqi Shia militias

Hezbollah

* Ahrar ash-Sham[۲۷]

Al-Nusra Front[۳۱]

Jabhat Ansar al-Din (since mid-2014)[۳۱]

Turkistan Islamic Party in Syria

Army of Revolutionaries
گۆجلر
20,000 SAA soldiers (2012) 15,000 fighters (2012)[۳۵]

حدود 8,000 fighters (mid-2016)

Unknown
a The YPG was neutral at the start of the battle in 2012, semi-allied with the rebels 2012–2014,[۳۷] neutral 2015–2016, and semi-allied with the Syrian Army during the final offensive in late 2016 (see Aleppo offensive (November–December 2016)).
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شابلون:Campaignbox Battle of Aleppo شابلون:Campaignbox Hezbollah involvement in the Syrian Civil War

حلب دؤیوشو (۲۰۱۲–۲۰۱۶) (اینگیلیسجه: Battle of Aleppo (2012–2016)) سوریه ایچ ساواشینین بیر قیسمی‌دیر. حلب و حلب اوستانی یئرینده اوز وئرمیش‌دیر

گؤرونتولر[دَییشدیر]

قایناق‌لار[دَییشدیر]

  1. Syrian army announces victory in Aleppo in boost for Assad. Huffington Post (2 January 2017).
  2. ۲٫۰ ۲٫۱ After more than 1600 days and the death of about 21500 civilians… Bashar al-Assad's regime forces regain control of Aleppo city with the support of its loyal parties. Syrian Observatory for Human Rights (21 December 2016). یوْخلانیلیب22 December 2016.
  3. "Syrian rebels advance in government-held Aleppo". The Guardian. 4 July 2015. Retrieved 26 January 2017. 
  4. Peel, Michael (30 September 2012). Historic souk burns in battle for Aleppo. Financial Times. یوْخلانیلیب2 November 2012.
  5. "Terrifying" scene as thousands penned in by Syrian army advance. CBS News.
  6. ۶٫۰ ۶٫۱ ۶٫۲ ۶٫۳ ۶٫۴ ۶٫۵ ۶٫۶ Tomson, Chris (25 November 2016). "Syrian Army goes all in on Aleppo as more reinforcements pour into the city – Map update". Al-Masdar News. Retrieved 26 January 2017. 
  7. Loveday Morris (3 June 2013). "In Syria, Hezbollah forces mass around Aleppo to aid Assad". The Washington Post. Retrieved 6 July 2013. 
  8. ۸٫۰۰ ۸٫۰۱ ۸٫۰۲ ۸٫۰۳ ۸٫۰۴ ۸٫۰۵ ۸٫۰۶ ۸٫۰۷ ۸٫۰۸ ۸٫۰۹ ۸٫۱۰ ۸٫۱۱ Amir Toumaj (9 December 2016). Array of pro-Syrian government forces advances in Aleppo. Long War Journal. یوْخلانیلیب9 December 2016.
  9. Infographic: 'Fatah Halab' Military Operations Room – Coalition of 31 Rebel factions. Archicivilians (18 June 2015). آرشیولنیب اصلی نۆسخه‌دن on 27 June 2015. یوْخلانیلیب2 July 2015.
  10. Cafarella & Casagrande 2015, p. 3.
  11. ۱۱٫۰ ۱۱٫۱ ۱۱٫۲ 'Aleppo must not fall': US allies to flood city with anti-aircraft missiles. Middle East Eye. 28 September 2016
  12. ۱۲٫۰ ۱۲٫۱ "Syrian rebels say they receive more weapons for Aleppo battle". Reuters. 19 October 2015.
  13. Anita McNaught (1 August 2012). Syrian MP killed publicly by FSA firing squad. Al Jazeera. یوْخلانیلیب2 August 2012.
  14. "Syria: Army of the Mujahideen Challenges ISIS Gains". Al Akhbar. 6 January 2014. Retrieved 1 May 2014. 
  15. AFP (15 December 2012). "Key rebel commander killed in Syria's Aleppo". Syria (NOW). Retrieved 16 December 2012. 
  16. Syria air strike hits Islamist brigade leadership Al Ahram (AFP), 15 November 2013
  17. ۱۷٫۰ ۱۷٫۱ Syrian Kurdish forces reject regime request to leave positions in Aleppo. ARA News (1 August 2016). یوْخلانیلیب1 August 2016.
  18. ۱۸٫۰ ۱۸٫۱ Syria Report (7 July 2013). Report: Maher al-Assad Commanding Homs Assault. Syriareport.net. یوْخلانیلیب8 February 2014.
  19. Holmes, Oliver (2 October 2012). "Syria's Assad tours Aleppo, orders more troops into battle,". Reuters.com. Retrieved 29 August 2013. 
  20. "Militias form as Aleppo clashes stalemate". UPI. 6 September 2012. Retrieved 9 September 2012. 
  21. "Inside Syria: Aleppo's Christians arm against Islamists". GlobalPost. 31 July 2012. Retrieved 9 September 2012. 
  22. Sherlock, Ruth; Malouf, Carol (13 September 2012). "Christians take up arms in Aleppo". Daily News and Analysis. Retrieved 13 September 2012. 
  23. ۲۳٫۰ ۲۳٫۱ Aymenn Jawad Al-Tamimi (23 May 2016). The Local Defence Forces: Regime Auxiliary Forces in Aleppo. Syria Comment.
  24. Omar al-Jaffal. Iraqi Shiites Join Syria War. Al-Monitor. یوْخلانیلیب4 November 2013.
  25. قایناق خطاسی برچسب <ref> نامعتبر؛ متنی برای ارجاع‌های با نام leithfadel وارد نشده‌است
  26. Philip Smyth (February 2015). The Shiite Jihad in Syria and Its Regional Effects (Report). The Washington Institute for Near East Studies. p. 45. Retrieved 13 March 2015. 
  27. "INSIGHT-Syria rebels see future fight with foreign radicals". Reuters. 8 August 2012. Retrieved 9 September 2012. 
  28. Joscelyn, Thomas (1 June 2015). With sudden advances in Aleppo, Islamic State provokes counteroffensive. longwarjournal.org. یوْخلانیلیب26 January 2017.
  29. "Emboldened Syrian rebels push into Aleppo". USA Today. 22 July 2012. 
  30. "Rebels fighting against al-Assad rule fragmented, disorganized in Syria". Hürriyet Daily News. 2 September 2012. Retrieved 10 September 2012. 
  31. ۳۱٫۰ ۳۱٫۱ Alessandria Masi (9 March 2015). Aleppo Battle: Al Qaeda's Jabhat Al-Nusra Is Friend To Syrian Rebel Groups. International Business Times.
  32. Chechen commander leads Muhajireen Brigade in Syria. Long War Journal (20 February 2013).
  33. The Syrian Islamic Front: A New Extremist Force. Washington Institute for Near East Policy (4 February 2013). یوْخلانیلیب29 April 2014.
  34. Abu Ahmad al-Maghrebi (Ibrahim Bencheqroun), un vétéran du Jihad mort en Syrie (3 April 2014). آرشیولنیب اصلی نۆسخه‌دن on 7 June 2014. یوْخلانیلیب29 May 2014.
  35. ۳۵٫۰ ۳۵٫۱ Ignatius, David (30 November 2012). "Al-Qaeda affiliate playing larger role in Syria rebellion". Washington Post. Retrieved 1 December 2012. 
  36. Eastern Aleppo may be 'totally destroyed' by end of year, warns UN envoy. UN News Center (8 October 2016). یوْخلانیلیب15 December 2016.
  37. Rudaw in English....The Happening: Latest News and Multimedia about Kurdistan, Iraq and the World - Syrian Rebels and Kurdish Group Sign Truce (6 November 2012). یوْخلانیلیب14 December 2016.

اینگیلیسجه ویکی‌پدیاسی‌نین ایشلدنلری طرفیندن یارانمیش«Battle of Aleppo (2012–2016)»، مقاله‌سیندن گؤتورولوبدور.( ۲۸ سپتامبر ۲۰۱۸ تاریخینده یوْخلانیلیبدیر).

قارداش پروژه‌لرده حلب دؤیوشو (۲۰۱۲–۲۰۱۶) گؤره داها آرتیق بیلگی‌لر تاپابیلرسینیز.


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قایناق خطاسی برچسب <ref> برای گروهی به نام «lower-alpha» وجود دارد، اما برچسب متناظر با <references group="lower-alpha"/> یافت نشد یا </ref> بسته یافت نشد.