فیفا دونیا کاپی ۲۰۰۶
|تاریخ||۹ ژوئن – ۹ جولای|
|تیملر||۳۲ (۶ کونفدراسیوندان)|
|ایستادیوم(لار)||۱۲ (۱۲ شهرده)|
|شامپیون||ایتالیا (4جی عونوان)|
|قوْللار||۱۴۷ (۲٫۳ هر اویونا)|
|تاماشاچی||۳٬۳۵۹٬۴۳۹ (۵۲٬۴۹۱ هر اویونا)|
|چوخقوْلووران(لار)|| میروسلاو کلوزه |
|عدالتلیاویون جایزهسی|| برزیل |
ائو صاحیبین سئچماقی[دَییشدیر]
The vote to choose the hosts of the 2006 tournament was held in July 2000 in زوریخ, Switzerland. It involved four bidding nations after برزیل had withdrawn three days earlier: آلمان, جنوبی آفریقا, اینگیلیس and مراکش. Three rounds of voting were required, each round eliminating the nation with the fewest votes. The first two rounds were held on 6 July 2000, and the final round was held on 7 July 2000, which Germany won over South Africa.
|اؤلکه||بیرینجی دوور||ایکینجی دوور||اوچونجو دوور|
Bribery and corruption allegations[دَییشدیر]
Accusations of bribery and corruption had marred the success of Germany's bid from the very beginning. On the very day of the vote, a hoax bribery affair was made public, leading to calls for a re-vote. On the night before the vote, German satirical magazine Titanic sent letters to FIFA representatives, offering joke gifts like cuckoo clocks and Black Forest ham in exchange for their vote for Germany. Oceania delegate Charlie Dempsey, who had initially backed England, had then been instructed to support South Africa following England's elimination. He abstained, citing "intolerable pressure" on the eve of the vote. Had Dempsey voted as originally instructed, the vote would have resulted with a 12–12 tie, and FIFA president سپ بلاتر, who favoured the South African bid, would have had to cast the deciding vote.
More irregularities surfaced soon after, including, in the months leading up to the decision, the sudden interest of German politicians and major businesses in the four Asian countries whose delegates were decisive for the vote. Just a week before the vote, the German government under Chancellor Gerhard Schröder lifted their arms embargo on سعودی عربیستان and agreed to send grenade launchers to the country. دایملر آق invested several hundred million Euro in Hyundai, while one of the sons of the company's founders was a member of FIFA's executive committee. Both فولکسواقن and بایر فارماکولوژی شیرکتی announced investments in تایلند and جنوبی کوره, whose respective delegates Worawi Makudi and Chung Jong-Moon were possible voters for Germany. Makudi additionally received a payment by a company of German media mogul Leo Kirch, who also paid millions for usually worthless TV rights for friendly matches of the آلمان میلّی فوتبال تیمی and بایرن مونیخ فوتبال کولوبو.
On 16 October 2015, the German news magazine Der Spiegel alleged that a slush fund with money from then-آدیداس CEO Robert Louis-Dreyfus was used to influence the vote of four Asian members of the FIFA executive committee. The sum of 6.7 million Euro was later demanded back by Dreyfus. In order to retrieve the money, the Organizing Committee paid an equivalent sum to the FIFA, allegedly as a German share for the cost of a closing ceremony, which never materialized. Wolfgang Niersbach, president of the آلمان فوتبال فدراسیونو (DFB), denied the allegations on 17 October 2015, saying that "the World Cup was not bought" and that he could "absolutely and categorically rule out the existence of a slush fund". The DFB announced they would consider seeking legal action against Der Spiegel. During a press conference on 22 October 2015, Nierbach repeated his stance, emphasizing that the 6,7 million were used in 2002 to secure a subsidy by FIFA. According to Niersbach, the payment had been agreed upon during a meeting between فرانس بکنباور and FIFA president Blatter, with the money being provided by Dreyfus. On the same day, FIFA contradicted Niersbach's statement, saying: "By our current state of knowledge, no such payment of 10 million Franks was registered by FIFA in 2002." The following day, former DFB president Theo Zwanziger publicly accused Niersbach of lying, saying: "It is evident that there was a slush fund for the German World Cup application". According to Zwanziger, the 6.7 million Euros went to Mohamed Bin Hammam, who at the time was supporting Blatter's campaign for president against Issa Hayatou.
198 teams attempted to qualify for the 2006 World Cup. Germany, the host nation, was granted automatic qualification, with the remaining 31 finals places divided among the continental confederations. Thirteen places were contested by UEFA teams (Europe), five by CAF teams (Africa), four by CONMEBOL teams (South America), four by آسیا فوتبال کونفدراسیونو teams (Asia), and three by CONCACAF teams (North and Central America and Caribbean). The remaining two places were decided by playoffs between AFC and CONCACAF and between CONMEBOL and OFC (Oceania).
Eight nations qualified for the finals for the first time: Angola, Czech Republic, Ghana, Ivory Coast, Togo, Trinidad and Tobago, Ukraine, and صربیستان و مونتهنقرو میلّی فوتبال تیمی. Czech Republic and Ukraine were making their first appearance as independent nations, but had previously been represented as part of چک ایسلواکی and the شوروی respectively; Serbia and Montenegro had competed as صربیستان و مونتهنقرو in 1998, as well as making up part of Yugoslav teams from 1930 to 1990. As of 2018, this was the last time Togo, Angola, Czech Republic, Ukraine and Trinidad and Tobago qualified for a FIFA World Cup finals, and the last time اوروقوئه میلّی فوتبال تیمی and نیجریه میلّی فوتبال تیمی failed to qualify.
اوسترالیا میلّی فوتبال تیمی qualified for the first time since 1974. Among the teams who failed to qualify were 2002 third-placed team تورکیه میلّی فوتبال تیمی, quarter-finalists سنقال میلّی فوتبال تیمی, Euro 2004 winners Greece and 2006 Africa Cup of Nations winners میصر میلّی فوتبال تیمی. Additionally, بلژیک میلّی فوتبال تیمی failed to qualify for the first time since 1978 and کامرون میلّی فوتبال تیمی failed to qualify for the first time since 1986. The other notable qualifying streaks broken were for نیجریه میلّی فوتبال تیمی, who had made the previous three tournaments, and دانمارک میلّی فوتبال تیمی and گونئی آفریقا میلّی فوتبال تیمی, who had both qualified for the previous two. فرانسه میلّی فوتبال تیمی had their first successful qualifying campaign since 1986, as they did not qualify for the 1990 and 1994 World Cups, in 1998 they were automatically qualified as hosts and in 2002 as defending champions.
For the first time since the 1982 World Cup, all six confederations were represented at the finals tournament.
The صربیستان و مونتهنقرو dissolved prior to the start of the World Cup, on 3 June 2006, with صربیستان and مونتینیقرو becoming independent countries; their team competed at the World Cup unaffected. Their involvement in the competition became similar to the Commonwealth of Independent States that appeared at UEFA Euro 1992, a team formed to take the Soviet Union's place following dissolution, that multiple sovereign states had been represented in the finals of a major footballing tournament by a single team and the only occurrence in the World Cup finals to date. The highest ranked team not to qualify was Denmark (ranked 11th), while the lowest ranked team that did qualify was Togo (ranked 61st).
سئچیلمیش تیملرین لیستی[دَییشدیر]
آشاغاداکی ۳۲ تیم تورنومنتدن قاباق رنک اساسیندا دیر کی تورنومنتین فینال مرحلهسینه سئچیلدیلر:
|تیملر ۲۰۰۶ نین مئی آیینین فیفا رنکلری اساسدا لیست اولوب|
|۵||آمریکا بیرلشمیش ایالتلری||CONCACAF||۵|
|۲۱||فیل دیشی ساحیلی||CAF||۳۲|
|۲۷||صربیستان و مونتهنقرو||UEFA||۴۴|
|۲۹||ترینیداد و توباگو||CONCACAF||۴۷|
In 2006, Germany had a plethora of football stadia that satisfied FIFA's minimum capacity of 40,000 seats for World Cup matches. The outdated and still-standing اولمپیک مونیخ in Munich (69,250), the venue for the 1974 final match was not used for the tournament, even though FIFA's regulations allow one city to use two stadia. دوسلدورف's اسپریت آرنا (51,500), برمن's وزراشتادیون (43,000) and مونشنقلادباخ's بروسیا پارک (46,249) were also not used.
Twelve stadia were selected to host the World Cup matches. During the tournament, many of them were known by different names, as FIFA prohibits sponsorship of stadia unless the stadium sponsors are also official FIFA sponsors. For example, the آلیانز آرنا in Munich was known during the competition as FIFA World Cup Stadium, Munich (آلمانجا: FIFA WM-Stadion München), and even the letters of the company Allianz were removed or covered. Some of the stadia also had a lower capacity for the World Cup, as FIFA regulations ban standing room; nonetheless, this was accommodated as several stadia had a UEFA five-star ranking. The stadia in Berlin, Munich, Dortmund and Stuttgart hosted six matches each, while the other eight stadia hosted five matches each.
- A cross denotes an indoor stadium.
|اولمپیک ایستادیومو||آلیانز آرنا
(فیفا دونیا کاپی ایستادیومو،مونیخ)
|سیگنال ایدونا پارک
(فیفا دونیا کاپی ایستادیومو، دورتموند)
|مرسدس بنز آرنا|
|Capacity: 72,000||Capacity: 66,000||Capacity: 65,000||Capacity: 52,000|
(FIFA World Cup Stadium, Gelsenkirchen)
(FIFA World Cup Stadium, Hamburg)
|Capacity: 52,000||Capacity: 50,000|
(FIFA World Cup Stadium, Frankfurt)
|استادیوم فریتز والتر|
|Capacity: 48,000||Capacity: 46,000|
|استادیوم راین انرژی
(FIFA World Cup Stadium, Cologne)
|آ و د-آرنا
(FIFA World Cup Stadium, Hanover)
|Capacity: 45,000||Capacity: 43,000||Capacity: 43,000||Capacity: 41,000|
تیملرین اصلی کمپلری[دَییشدیر]
Base camps were used by the 32 national squads to stay and train before and during the World Cup tournament. FIFA announced the base camps for each participating team.
|National squads' base camps|
|ایافسی||Toru Kamikawa (ژاپون)||Yoshikazu Hiroshima (Japan)|
Kim Dae-Young (South Korea)
|Shamsul Maidin (سنقاپور)||Prachya Permpanich (تایلند)|
Eisa Ghoulom (ایمارات)
|سیایاف||Coffi Codjia (Benin)||Aboudou Aderodjou (Benin)|
Célestin Ntagungira (Rwanda)
|Essam Abdel-Fatah (Egypt)||Dramane Dante (Mali)|
Mamadou N'Doye (Senegal)
|CONCACAF||Benito Archundia (Mexico)||José Ramírez (Mexico)|
Héctor Vergara (Canada)
|Marco Rodríguez (Mexico)||José Luis Camargo (Mexico)|
Leonel Leal (Costa Rica)
|CONMEBOL||Horacio Elizondo (Argentina)||Darío García (Argentina)|
Rodolfo Otero (Argentina)
|Carlos Simon (Brazil)||Aristeu Tavares (Brazil)|
Ednílson Corona (Brazil)
|Óscar Ruiz (Colombia)||José Navia (Colombia)|
Fernando Tamayo (Ecuador)
|Carlos Amarilla (Paraguay)||Amelio Andino (Paraguay)|
Manuel Bernal (Paraguay)
|Jorge Larrionda (Uruguay)||Wálter Rial (Uruguay)|
Pablo Fandiño (Uruguay)
|OFC||Mark Shield (Australia)||Nathan Gibson (Australia)|
Ben Wilson (Australia)
|UEFA||Frank De Bleeckere (Belgium)||Peter Hermans (Belgium)|
Walter Vromans (Belgium)
|قراهام پوْل (England)||Philip Sharp (England)|
Glenn Turner (England)
|Éric Poulat (France)||Lionel Dagorne (France)|
Vincent Texier (France)
|Markus Merk (آلمان)||Jan-Hendrik Salver (آلمان)|
Christian Schräer (آلمان)
|Roberto Rosetti (ایتالیا)||Alessandro Stagnelli (Italy)|
Cristiano Copelli (ایتالیا)
|Valentin Ivanov (روسیه)||Nikolay Golubev (روسیه)|
Evgueni Volnin (روسیه)
|Ľuboš Micheľ (Slovakia)||Roman Slyško (Slovakia)|
Martin Balko (Slovakia)
|Luis Medina Cantalejo (ایسپانیا)||Victoriano Giráldez Carrasco (ایسپانیا)|
Pedro Medina Hernández (ایسپانیا)
|Massimo Busacca (Switzerland)||Francesco Buragina (Switzerland)|
Matthias Arnet (Switzerland)
The eight seeded teams for the 2006 tournament were announced on 6 December 2005. The seeds comprised Pot A in the draw. Pot B contained the unseeded qualifiers from South America, Africa and Oceania; Pot C contained eight of the nine remaining European teams, excluding صربیستان و مونتهنقرو میلّی فوتبال تیمی. Pot D contained unseeded teams from the CONCACAF region and Asia. A special pot contained Serbia and Montenegro: this was done to ensure that no group contained three European teams. In the special pot, Serbia and Montenegro was drawn first, then their group was drawn from the three seeded non-European nations, آرژانتین میلّی فوتبال تیمی, برزیل میلّی فوتبال تیمی, and مکزیک میلّی فوتبال تیمی.
It had been predetermined that, as the host, آلمان میلّی فوتبال تیمی would be placed in Group A, thus being assured of the venues of their group matches in advance of the draw. FIFA had also announced in advance that Brazil (the defending champion) would be allocated to Group F.
|Pot A||Pot B||Pot C||Pot D||Special Pot|
On 9 December 2005 the draw was held, and the group assignments and order of matches were determined. After the draw was completed, commentators remarked that Group C appeared to be the group of death, while others suggested Group E. Argentina and the Netherlands both qualified with a game to spare with wins over Ivory Coast and Serbia and Montenegro respectively.
The first round, or group stage, saw the thirty-two teams divided into eight groups of four teams. Each group was a round-robin of three games, where each team played one match against each of the other teams in the same group. Teams were awarded three points for a win, one point for a draw and none for a defeat. The teams coming first and second in each group qualified for the Round of 16.
If teams were level on points, they were ranked on the following criteria in order:
- Greatest total goal difference in the three group matches
- Greatest number of goals scored in the three group matches
- If teams remained level after those criteria, a mini-group would be formed from those teams, who would be ranked on:
- Most points earned in matches against other teams in the tie
- Greatest goal difference in matches against other teams in the tie
- Greatest number of goals scored in matches against other teams in the tie
- If teams remained level after all these criteria, FIFA would hold a drawing of lots
In the original version of the rules for the final tournament, the ranking criteria were in a different order, with head-to-head results taking precedence over total goal difference. The rules were changed to the above in advance of the tournament, but older versions were still available on the FIFA and UEFA websites, causing some confusion among those trying to identify the correct criteria. In any event, the final tournament saw only two pairs of teams level on points: Argentina and the Netherlands at 7 points in Group C; Tunisia and Saudi Arabia at 1 point in Group H. Both of these ties were resolved on total goal difference. Also, in both cases the teams had tied their match, so the order of ranking criteria made no difference.
The finals tournament of the 2006 World Cup began on 9 June. The 32 teams were divided into eight groups of four teams each, within which the teams competed in a round-robin tournament to determine which two of those four teams would advance to the sixteen-team knock-out stage, which started on 24 June. In total, 64 games were played.
Although Germany failed to win the Cup, the tournament was considered a great success for Germany in general. Germany also experienced a sudden increase in patriotic spirit with flag waving, traditionally frowned upon by German society since World War II, whenever the German team played. For the closing ceremonies, Matthias Keller composed a work performed simultaneously by the Munich Philharmonic Orchestra, the Bavarian State Orchestra and the Bavarian Radio Orchestra with conductors Christian Thielemann, Zubin Mehta, and Mariss Jansons, and soloists دیانا دامرو, Plácido Domingo and Lang Lang.
Traditional powers dominate[دَییشدیر]
Despite early success by اوسترالیا میلّی فوتبال تیمی, Ecuador and Ghana, the tournament marked a return to dominance of the traditional football powers. Four years after a فیفا دونیا کاپی ۲۰۰۲ in which teams from North America (آمریکا بیرلشمیش ایالتلری میلّی فوتبال تیمی), Africa (سنقال میلّی فوتبال تیمی), and Asia (جنوبی کوره میلّی فوتبال تیمی) made it deep into the knockout stages and تورکیه میلّی فوتبال تیمی finished third, all eight seeded teams progressed to the knockout stages, and none of the quarter-finalists were from outside Europe or South America. Six former champions took part in the quarter-final round, with Ukraine and Euro 2004 runners-up Portugal as the only relative outsiders. Argentina and Brazil were eliminated in the quarter-finals, leaving an all-European final four for only the fourth time (after the 1934, 1966 and 1982 tournaments).
Despite the early goals that flooded the group stages, the knock-out phase had a much lower goals per match ratio. A prime example of the dearth of goals was Portugal, which only scored in the 23rd minute of the Round of 16, and did not score again until the 88th minute of the third place play-off. No player managed to score a hat-trick in this tournament. Italy, Germany, Argentina, Brazil and France were the only teams to score more than one goal in a knockout match. Germany was one of the exceptions, tending to play an attacking style of football throughout the knock-out stage, which was reflected by the fact that they scored the most goals (14), with players from all three outfield positions (defence, midfield and forward) making the scoresheet.
Germany's میروسلاو کلوزه scored five goals to claim the Golden Boot, the lowest total to win the prize since 1962. No other player scored more than three goals. No player from the winning Italian squad scored more than two goals, though ten players had scored for the team, tying France's record in 1982 for the most goalscorers from any one team.
For the first time ever in the FIFA World Cup, the first and last goals of the tournament were scored by defenders. فیلیپ لام, the German مودافع, scored the opener against Costa Rica after only 5 minutes of the opening match. In the final, مارکو ماتراتسی, the Italian centre back, out-jumped پاتریک ویرا and headed in the last goal of the 2006 FIFA World Cup.
Unprecedented number of cards[دَییشدیر]
The tournament had a record number of yellow and red cards, breaking the previous record set by the 1998 World Cup. Players received a record-breaking 345 yellow cards and 28 red cards, with Russian referee Valentin Ivanov handing out 16 yellow and 4 red cards in the round of 16 match between پورتوقال میلّی فوتبال تیمی and the هولند میلّی فوتبال تیمی, in a match known as the Battle of Nuremberg. Portugal had two players suspended for each of the quarter-final and semi-final matches, respectively. FIFA President سپ بلاتر hinted that he may allow some rule changes for future tournaments so that earlier accumulated bookings will not force players to miss the final, should their teams make it that far. The tournament also saw English referee قراهام پوْل mistakenly hand out three yellow cards to Croatia's یوسیپ شیمونیچ in their match against Australia.
The high number of yellow and red cards shown also prompted discussion about the referees. FIFA Officials and President سپ بلاتر received criticism for allegedly making rules too rigid and taking discretion away from referees.
- Pld = اوینانیلمیش اویونلاری جمعی
- W = قازانان اویونلارین جمعی
- D = برابر اویونلارین جمعی (tied)
- L = اودوزان اویونلارین جمعی
- GF = وورولموش قوللارین جمعی (goals for)
- GA = یئییلمیش قوللارین جمعی (goals against)
- GD = قول فرقی (GF−GA)
- Pts = ایمتیازلارین جمعی
|1||آلمان (H)||3||3||0||0||8||2||+6||9||ناک اوت مرحلهسی|
|۹ ژوئن ۲۰۰۶|
|آلمان||۴–۲||کاستاریکا||آلیانز آرنا، مونیخ|
|لهیستان||۰–۲||اکوادور||فلتینس آرنا، قلزنکیرشن|
|۱۴ ژوئن ۲۰۰۶|
|آلمان||۱–۰||لهیستان||سیگنال ایدونا پارک، دورتموند|
|۱۵ ژوئن ۲۰۰۶|
|اکوادور||۳–۰||کاستاریکا||فولکسپارک ایستادیومو، هامبورق|
|۲۰ ژوئن ۲۰۰۶|
|اکوادور||۰–۳||آلمان||استادیوم اولمپیک (برلین)، برلین|
|کاستاریکا||۱–۲||لهیستان||آ و د-آرنا، هانوفر|
In Group B, اینگیلیس میلّی فوتبال تیمی and سوئد میلّی فوتبال تیمی pushed پاراقوئه میلّی فوتبال تیمی into third place after narrow victories over the South Americans. Trinidad and Tobago earned some international respect after a draw with Sweden in their opening game and managing to hold England scoreless for 83 minutes, until goals from پیتر کراوچ and استیون جرارد sealed a 2–0 win for the Three Lions. Sweden qualified for the knockout rounds after drawing 2–2 with England to maintain their 38-year unbeaten record against them.
|10 June 2006|
|اینگیلیس||1–0||پاراقوئه||کومرتسبانک آرنا, فرانکفورت|
|ترینیداد و توباگو||0–0||سوئد||سیگنال ایدونا پارک, دورتموند|
|15 June 2006|
|اینگیلیس||2–0||ترینیداد و توباگو||Frankenstadion, نورنبرق|
|سوئد||1–0||پاراقوئه||استادیوم اولمپیک (برلین), برلین|
|20 June 2006|
|سوئد||2–2||اینگیلیس||استادیوم راین انرژی, کولن|
|پاراقوئه||2–0||ترینیداد و توباگو||استادیوم فریتز والتر, کایزرسلاوترن|
Both آرژانتین میلّی فوتبال تیمی and هولند میلّی فوتبال تیمی qualified from Group C with a game remaining. Argentina topped the group on goal difference, having hammered صربیستان و مونتهنقرو میلّی فوتبال تیمی 6–0 and beaten Ivory Coast 2–1. The Dutch picked up 1–0 and 2–1 victories over Serbia and Montenegro and Ivory Coast, respectively. Ivory Coast defeated Serbia and Montenegro 3–2 in their final game, in Serbia and Montenegro's last ever international as the country had dissolved 18 days earlier.
|10 June 2006|
|آرژانتین||2–1||فیل دیشی ساحیلی||فولکسپارک ایستادیومو, هامبورق|
|11 June 2006|
|صربیستان و مونتهنقرو||0–1||هولند||ردبول آرنا, لایپزیق|
|16 June 2006|
|آرژانتین||6–0||صربیستان و مونتهنقرو||فلتینس آرنا, قلزنکیرشن|
|هولند||2–1||فیل دیشی ساحیلی||مرسدس بنز آرنا, اشتوتقارت|
|21 June 2006|
|هولند||0–0||آرژانتین||کومرتسبانک آرنا, فرانکفورت|
|فیل دیشی ساحیلی||3–2||صربیستان و مونتهنقرو||آلیانز آرنا, مونیخ|
پورتوقال میلّی فوتبال تیمی coasted through in Group D, picking up the maximum number of points, with مکزیک میلّی فوتبال تیمی qualifying in second. ایران میلّی فوتبال تیمی missed chances against Mexico in their opening 1–3 defeat and were eliminated in their match against Portugal. They fought hard against the Portuguese, but went down 2–0. Their last game against Angola ended in 1–1 draw. The Africans had a respectable first World Cup tournament after earning draws with Mexico (0–0) and Iran.
|11 June 2006|
|آنقولا||0–1||پورتوقال||استادیوم راین انرژی, کولن|
|16 June 2006|
|مکزیک||0–0||آنقولا||آ و د-آرنا, هانوفر|
|17 June 2006|
|پورتوقال||2–0||ایران||کومرتسبانک آرنا, فرانکفورت|
|21 June 2006|
|پورتوقال||2–1||مکزیک||فلتینس آرنا, قلزنکیرشن|
|ایران||1–1||آنقولا||ردبول آرنا, لایپزیق|
In Group E, ایتالیا میلّی فوتبال تیمی went through to the Round of 16 conceding just one goal (an own goal) by کریستیان زاکاردو in the group phase against the آمریکا بیرلشمیش ایالتلری میلّی فوتبال تیمی. The US bowed out of the tournament after disappointing results against the Czech Republic and Ghana, 0–3 and 1–2, respectively, despite a 1–1 draw (finishing with 9 vs 10 men) against Italy. Tournament debutant Ghana joined Italy in the round of 16, following victories over the Czech Republic and the United States. دنیله ده روسی was suspended for 4 games following his sending-off against the United States.
|12 June 2006|
|آمریکا بیرلشمیش ایالتلری||0–3||چک جومهوریتی||فلتینس آرنا, قلزنکیرشن|
|ایتالیا||2–0||غنا||آ و د-آرنا, هانوفر|
|17 June 2006|
|چک جومهوریتی||0–2||غنا||استادیوم راین انرژی, کولن|
|ایتالیا||1–1||آمریکا بیرلشمیش ایالتلری||استادیوم فریتز والتر, کایزرسلاوترن|
|22 June 2006|
|چک جومهوریتی||0–2||ایتالیا||فولکسپارک ایستادیومو, هامبورق|
|غنا||2–1||آمریکا بیرلشمیش ایالتلری||Frankenstadion, نورنبرق|
Group F included the reigning فیفا دونیا کاپی ۲۰۰۲ برزیل میلّی فوتبال تیمی, کوروواسی میلّی فوتبال تیمی, ژاپون میلّی فوتبال تیمی, and اوسترالیا میلّی فوتبال تیمی. Playing in their first World Cup for 32 years, Australia came from behind to defeat Japan 3–1, and, despite losing 0–2 to Brazil, a 2–2 draw with Croatia was enough to give the Australians a place in the Round of 16 in a game where two players were sent-off for second bookings and one, erroneously, for a third booking by English referee قراهام پوْل. The Brazilians won all three games to qualify first in the group. Their 1–0 win against Croatia was through a goal late in the first-half by کاکا. Croatia and Japan went out of the tournament without a single win.
|12 June 2006|
|اوسترالیا||3–1||ژاپون||استادیوم فریتز والتر, کایزرسلاوترن|
|13 June 2006|
|برزیل||1–0||کروواسی||استادیوم اولمپیک (برلین), برلین|
|18 June 2006|
|برزیل||2–0||اوسترالیا||آلیانز آرنا, مونیخ|
|22 June 2006|
|ژاپون||1–4||برزیل||سیگنال ایدونا پارک, دورتموند|
|کروواسی||2–2||اوسترالیا||مرسدس بنز آرنا, اشتوتقارت|
فرانسه میلّی فوتبال تیمی only managed a scoreless draw against سوئیس میلّی فوتبال تیمی and a 1–1 draw against جنوبی کوره میلّی فوتبال تیمی. With captain زینالدین زیدان suspended, their 2–0 win against Togo was enough for them to advance to the knockout round. They were joined by the group winners, Switzerland, who defeated South Korea 2–0, and did not concede a goal in the tournament. South Korea won their first World Cup finals match outside their own country in defeating Togo, but four points were not enough to see them through to the round of 16 (the only team for which this was the case), while Togo exited without a point.
|13 June 2006|
|جنوبی کوره||2–1||توقو||کومرتسبانک آرنا, فرانکفورت|
|فرانسه||0–0||سوئیس||مرسدس بنز آرنا, اشتوتقارت|
|18 June 2006|
|فرانسه||1–1||جنوبی کوره||ردبول آرنا, لایپزیق|
|19 June 2006|
|توقو||0–2||سوئیس||سیگنال ایدونا پارک, دورتموند|
|23 June 2006|
|توقو||0–2||فرانسه||استادیوم راین انرژی, کولن|
|سوئیس||2–0||جنوبی کوره||آ و د-آرنا, هانوفر|
ایسپانیا میلّی فوتبال تیمی dominated Group H, picking up the maximum number of points, scoring 8 goals, and conceding only 1. Ukraine, despite being beaten 4–0 by Spain in their first World Cup game, took advantage of the weaker opponents to beat سعودی عربیستان میلّی فوتبال تیمی 4–0 and scrape past تونس میلّی فوتبال تیمی 1–0 thanks to a 70th-minute penalty by آندرئی شوچنکو, to reach the Round of 16. Saudi Arabia and Tunisia went out of the tournament having 1 point each, thanks to a 2–2 draw against each other.
|14 June 2006|
|ایسپانیا||4–0||اوکراین||ردبول آرنا, لایپزیق|
|تونس||2–2||عربیستان||آلیانز آرنا, مونیخ|
|19 June 2006|
|عربیستان||0–4||اوکراین||فولکسپارک ایستادیومو, هامبورق|
|ایسپانیا||3–1||تونس||مرسدس بنز آرنا, اشتوتقارت|
|23 June 2006|
|عربیستان||0–1||ایسپانیا||استادیوم فریتز والتر, کایزرسلاوترن|
|اوکراین||1–0||تونس||استادیوم اولمپیک (برلین), برلین|
ناک اوت مرحلهسی[دَییشدیر]
The knockout stage involved the sixteen teams that qualified from the group stage of the tournament. There were four rounds of matches, with each round eliminating half of the teams entering that round. The successive rounds were: round of 16, quarter-finals, semi-finals, and final. There was also a play-off to decide third/fourth place. For each game in the knockout stage, a draw was followed by thirty minutes of extra time (two 15-minute halves); if scores were still level there would be a penalty shoot-out (at least five penalties each, and more if necessary) to determine who progressed to the next round. Scores after extra time are indicated by (aet), and penalty shoot-outs are indicated by (pen.).
Round of 16[دَییشدیر]
In the second round, conceding two early goals in the first twelve minutes to Germany effectively ended the Swedes' hopes of progressing to the quarter-finals. Argentina struggled to get past Mexico until a ماکسی رودریقز goal in extra time put the Albiceleste in the quarter-finals. Australia's journey ended when Italians were awarded a controversial penalty, scored by فرانچسکو توتی, deep into the remaining seconds of the match. The Italians had spent much of the game with only ten men on the field, following an equally controversial red card shown to مودافع مارکو ماتراتسی. In a 0–0 match, Switzerland failed to convert any of their three penalties in the penalty shoot-out against Ukraine to see them exit the competition with an unwanted new record in becoming the first team in a World Cup to fail to convert any penalties in a shootout. Their elimination also meant that they became the first nation to be eliminated from the World Cup without conceding any goals (and indeed the only nation ever to participate in a World Cup finals tournament without conceding a goal).
England struggled against Ecuador but won 1–0 thanks to a دئیوید بکام free kick. Brazil won 3–0 against Ghana, in a game which included رونالدو's record 15th World Cup goal. Der Spiegel reported that the match may have been influenced by an Asian betting syndicate. Portugal defeated the Netherlands 1–0. The only goal came courtesy of a مانیش strike in an acrimonious match, which marked a new World Cup record with 16 yellow cards (Portugal: 9, the Netherlands: 7) and 4 players being sent off for a second bookable offence. France came from behind to defeat Spain 3–1 thanks to goals from فرانک ریبری, پاتریک ویرا, and زینالدین زیدان.
Germany and Argentina ended 1–1 after extra time; the hosts edged out the Argentinians 4–2 on penalties to go through to the semifinals (this was the first time Argentina had lost a World Cup penalty shootout: up until this match, both Argentina and Germany had participated in three penalty shootouts, winning all of them). In فلتینس آرنا, when England faced Portugal, وین رونی was sent off, and Portugal won the penalty shoot-out 3–1 after a 0–0 draw to reach their first World Cup semi-final since the days of اوزهبیو 40 years earlier, and ensure manager Luiz Felipe Scolari's third consecutive tournament quarter-final win over سون یوران اریکسون's England.[نیازمند منبع]
Italy defeated quarter-final debutants Ukraine 3–0. France eliminated Brazil 1–0 to advance into the semi-finals. Brazil only managed one shot on goal, while زینالدین زیدان's dribbling earned him Man of the Match and his free-kick to تیئری آنری resulted in the winning goal.
The semi-final between Germany and Italy produced an extra time period that went scoreless until the 118th minute, when Italy scored twice through فابیو قروسو and الساندرو دل پیئرو, putting an end to Germany's undefeated record in Dortmund.
In the second semi-final, Portugal lost to France 1–0 in آلیانز آرنا. In a repeat of the Euro 1984 and Euro 2000 semi-finals, Portugal were defeated by France, with the decisive goal being a penalty scored by France captain Zinedine Zidane.
Third place play-off[دَییشدیر]
The hosts got three goals in 20 minutes in the second half with the help of 21-year-old left هافبک باستیان شواینشتایگر. His first goal beat the Portuguese goalkeeper ریکاردو (فوتبالیست، دوغوم ۱۹۷۶) with pace over his head. Only 4 minutes later, Schweinsteiger's free kick 30 metres from the left of the penalty box, driven low across goal, was connected with پتیت's knee to become an own goal for Portugal. The German did not stop, and netted his second goal, which swerved away to the keeper's left, in the 78th minute.
Portugal were strong in possession but lacked punch in attack; unable to convert 57% possession into goals. پائولتا had two clear chances from 15 metres, but both times hit tame shots that did not trouble keeper اولیور کان, who was playing in his last match for the German national team. Portugal got a consolation goal with the help of substitute Luís Figo (also playing the final international game of his career), who almost immediately provided the precise distribution needed to unlock the German defence. A cross from the right wing on 88 minutes found fellow substitute Nuno Gomes at the far post, who dived in for the goal. The game ended 3–1, a result which gave the tournament hosts the bronze medals and left Portugal in fourth place.
The final started with each side scoring within the first 20 minutes. Zinedine Zidane opened the scoring by converting a controversial seventh-minute penalty kick, which glanced off the underside of the crossbar and bounced beyond the goal line before it spun back up, hit the crossbar again and rebounded out of the goal. Marco Materazzi then levelled the scores in the 19th minute following an آندره آ پیرلو corner. Both teams had chances to score the winning goal in normal time: لوکا تونی hit the crossbar in the 35th minute for Italy (he later had a header disallowed for offside), while France were not awarded a possible second penalty in the 53rd minute when فلورن مالودا went down in the box after a tackle from جانلوکا زامبروتا.
At the end of the regulation 90 minutes, the score was still level at 1–1, and the match was forced into extra time. Italian goalkeeper جانلوئیجی بوفون made a potentially game-saving save in extra time when he tipped a Zidane header over the crossbar. Further controversy ensued near the end of extra time, when Zidane head-butted Materazzi in the chest in an off-the-ball incident and was sent off. Extra time produced no further goals and a penalty shootout followed, which Italy won 5–3. France's دیوید ترزقه, the man who scored the golden goal against Italy in Euro 2000, was the only player not to score his penalty; his spot kick hit the crossbar, landed on the goal line and went out. It was the first all-European final since Italy's triumph over West Germany in the 1982 World Cup, and the second final, after 1994, to be decided on penalties. It was also Italy's first world title in 24 years, and their fourth overall, making them the second most successful World Cup team ever. The victory also helped Italy top the فیفا دونیا رئیتینقی in February 2007 for the first time since November 1993.
اوستون قول وورانلار[دَییشدیر]
میروسلاو کلوزه received the Golden Boot for scoring five goals in the World Cup. In total, 147 goals were scored by 110 players, with four of them credited as own goals. شابلون:2006 FIFA World Cup goalscorers
|Golden Boot Winner||Golden Ball Winner||Yashin Award||Best Young Player||FIFA Fair Play Trophy||Most Entertaining Team|
|میروسلاو کلوزه||زینالدین زیدان||جانلوئیجی بوفون||لوکاس پودولسکی|| برزیل
FIFA's Technical Study Group (TSG) also granted a man of the match award to one player in each match. Italy's آندره آ پیرلو won the most Man of the Match awards, with three in total. میروسلاو کلوزه، آقوستین دلقادو، آرین روبن، زه روبرتو، الکساندر فرای، میشائل بالاک، and پاتریک ویرا each received two awards.
The All-star team is a squad consisting of the 23 most impressive players at the 2006 World Cup, as selected by FIFA's Technical Study Group. The team was chosen from a shortlist of over 50 players, and was selected based on performances from the second round onwards.
A total of CHF332 million was awarded to the 32 teams participating in the tournament. Each team who entered the competition received CHF2 million, with the biggest prize being CHF24.5 million, awarded to the winner of the tournament. Below is a complete list of the prize money allocated:
- CHF7 million – To each team eliminated in the group stage (16 teams)
- CHF8.5 million – To each team eliminated in the round of 16 (8 teams)
- CHF11.5 million – To each team eliminated in the quarter-finals (4 teams)
- CHF21.5 million – Fourth placed team and Third placed team
- CHF22.5 million – Runners-up
- CHF24.5 million – Winner
|دورده بیر فینالدا حذف اولانلار|
|۱۶-جی دوورده حذف اولانلار|
|قروپ مرحلهسینده حذف اولانلار|
|۱۹||فیل دیشی ساحیلی||س||۳||۱||۰||۲||۵||۶||−۱||۳|
|آمریکا بیرلشمیش ایالتلری||ی||۳||۰||۱||۲||۲||۶||−۴||۱|
|۲۷||ترینیداد و توباگو||ب||۳||۰||۱||۲||۰||۴||−۴||۱|
|۳۲||صربیستان و مونتهنقرو||س||۳||۰||۰||۳||۲||۱۰||−۸||۰|
In the preparation for 2006 FIFA World Cup FIFA and the Organizing Committee sought a way to accommodate people planning to visit the World Cup. The experience of past World Cups and public viewing was conceptualized in 4-weeks long events for football supporters to meet, board, interact, partake in cultural activities and watch all 64 games on giant video walls. Since 2004 the details on costs, logistics, safety issues, marketing and broadcast rights were jointly hammered out by FIFA and the Host Cities Those public viewing events that became known under the name of Fan Fests, served an idea to provide football supporters without tickets a legitimate opportunity to partake in the World Cup. Unlike the past tournaments where ticketless fans were treated as security risks, the World Cup in Germany welcomed all football supporters thus generating positive atmosphere even before the tournament began. Even though security planners and media were sceptical and cautious on the matter of public viewing, the scepticism was cast aside with the beginning of the World Cup.
Fan Fests for 2006 FIFA World Cup were set up in 12 Host Cities and attracted 21 million visitors over the duration of tournament according to German National Tourist Board (FIFA claimed there were over 18 million visitors). برلین "Fanmeile" located at pedestrianized Straße des 17. Juni between Brandenburg Gate and Victory Column with 14 consecutive video walls attracted 9 million fans over the duration of World Cup with nearly 1 million supporters each آلمان میلّی فوتبال تیمی game. For the first time in German history an event scored more visitors than Oktoberfest. کولن Fan Fest scored 3 million visitors followed by 1.9 million in فرانکفورت, 1.5 million in اشتوتقارت, 1.46 million in هامبورق, 1 million per دورتموند and مونیخ, 500 thousands per نورنبرق and هانوفر, 471 thousands in لایپزیق, 350 thousands in قلزنکیرشن and 205 thousands in کایزرسلاوترن. Those numbers exceeded all expectations and some of the Host Cities had to expand the Fan Fest areas in the middle of the World Cup. The most popular Fan Fests were located in the inner city areas and the approach to keep the city centre generally "fan free" applied by the authorities of Nurenberg proved ineffective as many football supporters preferred to stay in the picturesque city centre. According to surveys conducted during the 2006 FIFA World Cup at the Fan Fests at Berlin, Frankfurt and Munich 28% of visitors travelled over 100 kilometers to attend to event and up to 84% came there together with friends. Around 21% of foreigners interviewed at Fan Fests visited Germany to see the World Cup without tickets to any game. Media coverage of events had an additional positive effect as pictures of fans celebrating in front of giant screens attracted even more visitors from neighboring European countries that spontaneously decided to take part in celebrations at Fan Fests.
Despite minor inconsistencies in planning and execution the Fan Fest concept was so successful, so numerous people later claimed personal responsibility for the invention. The visitors' expectations regarding Fan Fests were fulfilled. Over the duration of the World Cup Fan Fests served as modern market squares where communication and interaction strengthen the feeling of community. Out-of-home media reception made the emotional aspect of escape from everyday life more intense for participants. Pictures of football supporters celebrating in front of video walls became a typical illustration of atmosphere in the country, while "Fanmeile" was later picked up as German Word of the Year. In 2007 FIFA and 12 Host Cities had received the German Marketing Prize for Sports for the innovative nature and marketing concept of Fan Fests during the 2006 World Cup Finals. FIFA and the Host Cities succeeded in creating and comfortable environment for foreign fans as 95% of them surveyed at Fan Fests agreed that it was an unequivocal declaration of international nature of World Cup and not a mere event for Germans. A thought-out implementation of public viewing at such a large-scale football event as the 2006 World Cup became set a precedent. Immediately after the 2006 World Cup FIFA announced that it registered the trademark for Fan Fests, takes over the organization and marketing and makes Fan Fests an integral part of future FIFA World Cups.
The sponsors of the 2006 World Cup consisted of 15 FIFA Partners.
|FIFA partners||FIFA partners||FIFA partners|
Evaluation of Germany as host nation[دَییشدیر]
Not only in its organisation was the 2006 World Cup the best in history, as FIFA president Sepp Blatter stated, above all Germany could portray itself as a worthy host through its enthusiastic and hospitable public. Through the many fanfests and large-screen broadcasts, the feeling of a four-week national festival developed, in which many of the population took part.
During the first weeks of the tournament, there was concerned discussion about the wide display of the آلمان بایراغی and the German national colours on houses, vehicles and clothing. Numerous national and international observers from media, society and politics considered that this signified not only great support for the German football team, but even a "new patriotism". This continued a development already observed during the فیفا دونیا کاپی ۲۰۰۲. A study by the ماربورق بیلیمیوردو suggested a slight rise in national pride. However, sporadic attempts of far right organisations to use the tournament as a platform for their propaganda remained unsuccessful.
As the German national football team contributed to arousing this previously undeclared enthusiasm and euphoria in Germany over a period of weeks, the then German President Horst Köhler presented the national players on 14 August 2006 with the Silbernes Lorbeerblatt (Silver Laurel Leaf), the highest sports award in Germany. The team's trainer, یورقن کلینزمن, in February 2007 was furthermore awarded the Bundesverdienstkreuz, not least for his reformed methods of modern training and playing methods, in which he persevered despite harsh criticism. Nevertheless, Klinsmann announced after the tournament that he would not extend his contract as trainer of the national team, since he felt completely burned-out and wished to spend more time with his family in کالیفورنیا ایالتی. The آلمان فوتبال فدراسیونو (DFB) on the same day named as Klinsmann's successor his assistant trainer یوآخیم لوو, since in the opinion of the DFB leadership he would best continue Klinsmann's work and training methods.
According to a representative survey taken in ترییر by the European Tourism Institute (ETI), 96% of the German population considered that Germany was a good host during the World Cup. Additionally 93% of those interviewed found the international football fans to be agreeable.
- 2006 FIFA World Cup:
- Leeuwenhosen controversy
- Strangers, a 2007 film which takes place during the 2006 World Cup
- Deutschland. Ein Sommermärchen, a 2006 documentary film recording آلمان میلّی فوتبال تیمی from boot camp in Sardegna to third place playoff against پورتوقال میلّی فوتبال تیمی
- Adidas Teamgeist
- Voices from the FIFA World Cup
- Several countries celebrated this major event with the minting of specially high value commemorative coins. Among them is the Belgian 20 euro Germany 2006 FIFA World Cup Coin. The obverse of the coin shows a footballer with a ball, right above them '2006 FIFA World Cup Germany' can be clearly seen.
- 2006 FIFA World Cup Organizing Committee
- 2011 FIFA Women's World Cup, also held in Germany
References and footnotes[دَییشدیر]
- "FIFA acknowledges Brazil's withdrawal from 2006 World Cup race". FIFA. 4 July 2000. Archived from the original on 23 April 2008. Retrieved 29 March 2008. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- "FIFA World Cup 2006 : Results of First Two Rounds of Voting". FIFA. 6 July 2000. Archived from the original on 23 April 2008. Retrieved 29 March 2008. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- "Call for World Cup re-vote". BBC Sport. 7 July 2000. Archived from the original on 16 January 2010. Retrieved 25 June 2007. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- "Legal threat over World Cup prank". BBC News. 8 July 2000. Archived from the original on 16 January 2010. Retrieved 25 June 2007. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- "S. Africa Confident of Blatter's Support to Host 2006 World Cup". People's Daily Online. 19 January 2000. Archived from the original on 16 January 2010. Retrieved 25 June 2007. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- "Voting procedure for 2006 FIFA World Cup decision". FIFA. 5 July 2000. Archived from the original on 23 April 2008. Retrieved 29 March 2008. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- Aumüller, Johannes; Kistner, Thomas (17 October 2015). "Geplatzte Gala". Süddeutsche Zeitung (in German). p. 41.CS1 maint: unrecognized language (link)
- Fritsch, Oliver (4 June 2015). "Die verkauften WM-Turniere". Die Zeit (in German). Retrieved 18 October 2015. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link) CS1 maint: unrecognized language (link)
- "World Cup Scandal: Germany Appears to Have Bought Right to Host 2006 Tournament". Der Spiegel. 16 October 2015. Retrieved 18 October 2015. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- Niersbach: "Die WM war nicht gekauft" (German). kicker (17 October 2015). یوْخلانیلیب18 October 2015.
- "WM-Vergabe 2006: Niersbachs Erklärung zur 6,7-Millionen-Euro-Zahlung". Spiegel Online (in German). 22 October 2015. Retrieved 23 October 2015. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link) CS1 maint: unrecognized language (link)
- FIFA widerspricht DFB-Präsident Niersbach (German). Tagesschau (22 October 2015). یوْخلانیلیب23 October 2015.
- Ex-DFB-Chef Zwanziger: "Es gab eine schwarze Kasse" (German). Tagesschau (23 October 2015). یوْخلانیلیب23 October 2015.
- "Fifa opens investigation into Franz Beckenbauer and Germany's 2006 World Cup bid". The Guardian. 22 March 2016. Retrieved 22 March 2016. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- Fifa investigates 2006 World Cup award (English) (22 March 2016). یوْخلانیلیب22 March 2016.
- FIFA watchdog opens formal proceedings over 2006 German World Cup (English) (22 March 2016). یوْخلانیلیب22 March 2016.
- "Record number of 204 teams enter preliminary competition". FIFA. 3 March 2007. Archived from the original on 17 November 2007. Retrieved 29 March 2008. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- FIFA/Coca Cola World Ranking (17 May 2006). FIFA.com. FIFA (17 May 2006). یوْخلانیلیب13 July 2010.
- "Stadiums renamed for Fifa sponsors". BBC. 6 June 2006. Retrieved 29 March 2008. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- Berlin. FIFA (Fédération Internationale de Football Association). آرشیولنیب اصلی نۆسخهدن on 16 June 2006. یوْخلانیلیب16 July 2014.
- Munich. FIFA (Fédération Internationale de Football Association). آرشیولنیب اصلی نۆسخهدن on 16 June 2006. یوْخلانیلیب16 July 2014.
- Dortmund. FIFA (Fédération Internationale de Football Association). آرشیولنیب اصلی نۆسخهدن on 16 June 2006. یوْخلانیلیب16 July 2014.
- Stuttgart. FIFA (Fédération Internationale de Football Association). آرشیولنیب اصلی نۆسخهدن on 16 June 2006. یوْخلانیلیب16 July 2014.
- Gelsenkirchen. FIFA (Fédération Internationale de Football Association). آرشیولنیب اصلی نۆسخهدن on 16 June 2006. یوْخلانیلیب16 July 2014.
- Hamburg. FIFA (Fédération Internationale de Football Association). آرشیولنیب اصلی نۆسخهدن on 16 June 2006. یوْخلانیلیب16 July 2014.
- Frankfurt. FIFA (Fédération Internationale de Football Association). آرشیولنیب اصلی نۆسخهدن on 16 June 2006. یوْخلانیلیب16 July 2014.
- Kaiserslautern. FIFA (Fédération Internationale de Football Association). آرشیولنیب اصلی نۆسخهدن on 16 June 2006. یوْخلانیلیب16 July 2014.
- Cologne. FIFA (Fédération Internationale de Football Association). آرشیولنیب اصلی نۆسخهدن on 16 June 2006. یوْخلانیلیب16 July 2014.
- Hanover. FIFA (Fédération Internationale de Football Association). آرشیولنیب اصلی نۆسخهدن on 16 June 2006. یوْخلانیلیب16 July 2014.
- Leipzig. FIFA (Fédération Internationale de Football Association). آرشیولنیب اصلی نۆسخهدن on 16 June 2006. یوْخلانیلیب16 July 2014.
- Nuremberg. FIFA (Fédération Internationale de Football Association). آرشیولنیب اصلی نۆسخهدن on 16 June 2006. یوْخلانیلیب16 July 2014.
- Media Guide: Team Headquarters and Training Facilities. FIFA.com (Fédération Internationale de Football Association) (12 April 2006).
- "Deadline for submitting list of 23 players remains 15 May 2006". FIFA.com. 16 March 2006. Archived from the original on 23 April 2008. Retrieved 28 March 2008. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- "FIFA Organising Committee approves team classifications and final draw procedure". FIFA. 6 December 2005. Archived from the original on 23 April 2008. Retrieved 29 March 2008. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- Wilson, Paul (11 December 2005). "An easy group? Draw your own conclusions". The Observer. UK. Archived from the original on 30 June 2006. Retrieved 26 June 2006. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- Palmer, Kevin (24 May 2006). Group C Tactics Board. ESPNsoccernet. آرشیولنیب اصلی نۆسخهدن on 20 June 2006. یوْخلانیلیب26 June 2006.
- O'Dea, Joseph (18 May 2006). FIFA changes World Cup tie-breaking rules. یوْخلانیلیب29 June 2006.[اولو باغلانتی]
- "South African to learn lessons from Germany". The 2006 FIFA World Cup Germany. 9 July 2006. Archived from the original on 19 July 2006. Retrieved 27 July 2006. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- Zeigler, Mark (30 June 2006). "World Cup quarterfinals". Union Tribune. Archived from the original on 24 May 2008. Retrieved 31 March 2008. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- "Who's to blame for Cup card frenzy?". BBC Sport. 26 June 2006. Retrieved 23 July 2006. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- Interview with Match-Fixing Investigator Declan Hill: 'I Am Sure the Game Was Manipulated'. Der Spiegel (1 September 2008). یوْخلانیلیب8 January 2016.
- "Italy wins World Cup". CBC Sports. 9 July 2006. Archived from the original on 15 July 2006. Retrieved 5 October 2006. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- Zinedine Zidane Penalty Kick France V Italy FIFA World Cup Final 2006 HD HQ. یوْخلانیلیب9 August 2014.
- "Azzurri prominent in All Star Team". FIFA. 7 July 2006. Archived from the original on 14 June 2010. Retrieved 24 May 2010. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- "France, Italy dominate World Cup all-star squad". Canadian Broadcasting Corporation. Associated Press. 7 July 2006. Retrieved 11 August 2006. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- CHF 24.5 million for the 2006 world champions. FIFA (Fédération Internationale de Football Association) (6 December 2005). آرشیولنیب اصلی نۆسخهدن on 12 December 2006. یوْخلانیلیب16 July 2014.
- 2006 World Cup prize money increased. USA Today (26 April 2005). یوْخلانیلیب16 July 2014.
- Based on the methodology of Germany 2006: The final ranking (FIFA.com) 9 July 2006
- Hans-Jürgen Schulke (2010). "Chapter 3: Challenging the Stadium". In Sybille Frank, Silke Steets (ed.). Stadium Worlds: Football, Space and the Built Environment. Routledge. pp. 56–73. ISBN 9780415549042.
- Welcome Fans. The World Cup 2006 Fan and Visitor Programme. Koordinationsstelle Fan-Projekte (2006). آرشیولنیب اصلی نۆسخهدن on 2016-07-14. یوْخلانیلیب2020-12-12.
- Casagrande, Sabina (2006-06-24). Public Viewing Takes on New Dimension at World Cup. Deutsche Welle.
- 2007 Activity Report. FIFA.
- Smith, Andrew (2016). "Eventification: Events and the denigration of urban public space". Events in the City: Using Public Spaces as Event Venues. Routledge. pp. 59–79. ISBN 978-1-138-78885-5.
- "A time to make friends". The 2006 FIFA World Cup and its effect on the image and economy of Germany. German National Tourist Board.
- Daniels, Trucy (2012-11-30). An investigation into 2010 FIFA World Cup planning: a case study of the Eden district municipality, Western Cape, South Africa. Cape Peninsula University of Technology. آرشیولنیب اصلی نۆسخهدن on 2019-07-13. یوْخلانیلیب2020-12-12.
- Moll, Matthias (2009). "Approach to Tourism and Sport". Football World Cup 2010 in South Africa: A comparison between German football tourists' expectations and the planned tourism marketing activities of the venue Port Elizabeth. Diplomica. ISBN 978-3-8366-2551-7.
- (2008) «The Feel-good Effect at Mega Sports Events. Recommendations for Public and Private Administration Informed by the Experience of the FIFA World Cup 2006». Hamburg Contemporary Economic Discussion (18).
- WM-Städte erhalten Preis für Fanfeste. Handelsblatt (6 February 2007).
- Colin J. Bennett; Kevin Haggerty (2011). "Event-driven security policies and spatial control: the 2006 FIFA World Cup". Security Games: Surveillance and Control at Mega-Events. Routledge.
- The new Berlin. Berlin.de.
- Bryant, Chris (7 June 2006). No Tickets? No Problem! Spiegel Online's Guide to Germany's World Cup Fan Fests.
- Impressionen von der Fußball-WM 2006 in Köln. Köln - die Rheinmetropole und alte Römerstadt. آرشیولنیب اصلی نۆسخهدن on 2018-06-12. یوْخلانیلیب2020-12-12.
- MainArena bisher voller Erfolg. Westdeutscher Rundfunk (19 June 2006).
- England fans given next match ban. BBC (26 June 2006).
- Sascha Meyer, Jutta Schütz (7 July 2006). Der Party-Hit der WM. Stern.
- World Cup City Guide: Dortmund (9 June 2006).
- McHugh, David (24 May 2006). World-class Germany hosts the World Cup. NBC.
- Everything's Smaller in Nuremberg (7 June 2006).
- The Football Connoisseur's Guide: Hanging out in Hanover (7 June 2006).
- Richardson, Martin (24 June 2006). Overflowing Fan Fests. BBC.
- FIFA World Cup Germany World Cup City Gelsenkirchen. Auf Schalke 2006 (5 December 2005).
- Factsheet. آرشیولنیب اصلی نۆسخهدن on 2018-02-18. یوْخلانیلیب2020-12-12.
- Archived copy.
- Avaya (22 February 2002). Avaya launches FIFA World Cup branding campaign with BusinessPartners.
- Budweiser raises glass as World Cup official sponsor until 2014.
- FIFA.com. 2018 FIFA World Cup Russia - News - Anheuser-Busch toasts official beer sponsorship of 2006 FIFA World Cup in Germany - FIFA.com.
- "Coca-Cola "wins sponsor World Cup"". BBC News. 14 September 2006.
- Coca-Cola renews Fifa football sponsorship until 2022.
- FIFA.com (21 January 2003). Continental AG - Official Partner of the 2006 FIFA World Cup TM.
- FIFA.com (18 January 2018). Deutsche Telekom becomes Official Partner of 2006 FIFA World Cup Germany.
- spi. Telekom partner Fifa voor WK 2006.
- FIFA.com (27 January 2003). Emirates - Official Partner of the 2006 FIFA World Cup TM.
- Emirates a key sponsor of FIFA World Cup in Germany (29 January 2003).
- FIFA.com (18 January 2018). Fujifilm Official Partner of the 2006 FIFA World Cup.
- Fujifilm Signs as Official Partner of the 2006 Fifa World Cup - News - Sportcal.
- Gillette amps up sponsorships (6 September 2004).
- FIFA.com (18 January 2018). MasterCard – Official Partner of the 2006 FIFA World Cup.
- MasterCard tops Visa for World Cup soccer sponsorship - Business - International Herald Tribune (Published 2006) (7 November 2006).
- FIFA.com. 2018 FIFA World Cup Russia - News - McDonald's renews as FIFA World Cup Sponsor until 2014 - FIFA.com.
- FIFA.com (14 November 2002). Philips becomes Official Partner of the 2006 FIFA World Cup.
- Toshiba : Press Releases 7 Jun, 2001.
- The Top 5 most creative brand ideas you need to know about now (22 October 2018).
- Yahoo! to sponsor Fifa.
- Leyden, John. Yahoo! scores! World! Cup! site! rights!.
- Blatter spricht von „bester WM aller Zeiten“ Handelsblatt (Interview)
- Angst vor der Nation. In: Die Zeit online, 2006
- Arnd Krüger: Sport and Identity in Germany since Reunification. In Philip Dine & Seán Crosson (eds.): Sport, representation and evolving identities in Europe. Bern: P. Lang 2010, 289–316
- To the question "Are you proud to be German?“, 7 % more interviewees answered "Yes" as before the 2006 World Cup. uni-marburg.de The Marburg researchers however interpreted this however as a rise in nationalism, not in national pride.
- Elmar Vieregge: Die Fußballweltmeisterschaft 2006 und der deutsche Rechtsextremismus. In: Martin H. W. Möllers, Robert Chr. van Ooyen (eds.): Jahrbuch Öffentliche Sicherheit 2006/2007. Frankfurt am Main 2007, pages 137–145
- Deutschland war ein guter WM-Gastgeber. In: Hamburger Morgenpost, 29. September 2006, accessed on 7 July 2012
|ویکیآمباردا FIFA World Cup Germany 2006 ایله مربوط فایل وار.|
|ویکیدولانمانین 2006 FIFA World Cup اوچون بیر سیاحت تعلیماتی وار.|
- 2006 FIFA World Cup Germany, FIFA.com
- FIFA Technical Report (Part 1) and (Part 2)
- RSSSF Archive of finals
- Official FIFA World Cup site Archived 2006-06-15 at the Wayback Machine.
- Germany 2006 – Home
- FIFAworldcup.com – The Official Site of FIFA World Cup. آرشیولنیب اصلی نۆسخهدن on 2007-03-13. یوْخلانیلیب2020-12-12.