چرکس‌لار

ویکی‌پدیا، آچیق بیلیک‌لیک‌دن
پرش به ناوبری پرش به جستجو
Circassians
Flag of Adygea.svg
اهالی سایی‌سی
حدود  4–8 million
چوْخلی اهالی اولان بؤلگه‌لر
 تورکیه Estimated 1,000,000[۱]–2,000,000[۲][۳]–3,000,000[۴]شابلون:Self-published inline[۵]–5,000,000[۲][۶] to 7,000,000[۷]
720,000 (2010 Census)[۸]
 اوردون 65,000[۹]–180,000
 سوریه 80,000[۹][۱۰][۱۱]–120,000[۱۲]
 آلمان 40,000[۹][۱۳]
 عراق 34,000
 آمریکا بیرلشمیش ایالتلری 9,000[۹]–25,000
 عربیستان 23,000
 میصر 12,000
 ایسرائیل 4,000[۱۴][۱۵]–5,000[۱۶]
 صربیستان 2,800
 اؤزبکیستان 1,600
 اوکراین 1,100
 بولغاریستان 600 (1994 Census)[۱۷]
 هولند 500
  1. Dalby, Andrew (2015). Dictionary of Languages: The Definitive Reference to More than 400 Languages. Bloomsbury Publishing. p. 136. ISBN 978-1408102145. 
  2. ۲٫۰ ۲٫۱ Richmond, Walter (2013). The Circassian Genocide. Rutgers University Press. p. 130. ISBN 978-0813560694. 
  3. Danver, Steven L. (2015). Native Peoples of the World: An Encyclopedia of Groups, Cultures and Contemporary Issues. Routledge. p. 528. ISBN 978-1317464006. 
  4. Natho, Kadir I. (2009). Circassian History. Wayne, New Jersey: Xlibris Corporation. p. 505. ISBN 978-1-4415-2389-1. 
  5. (2008) «Circassian World Responses to the New Challenges». PONARS Eurasia Policy Memo No. 54. یوْخلانیلیب8 May 2016.
  6. Alankuş, Sevda (1999). Taymaz, Erol, ed. Kültürel-Etnik Kimlikler ve Çerkesler. Ankara, Turkey: Kafder Yayınları. 
  7. Alankuş, Sevda; Taymaz, Erol (2009). "The Formation of a Circassian Diaspora in Turkey". Adyghe (Cherkess) in the 19th Century: Problems of War and Peace. Adygea, Russia: Maikop State Technology University. p. 2. Retrieved 4 May 2016. Today, the largest communities of Circassians, about 5–7 million, live in Turkey, and about 200,000 Circassians live in the Middle Eastern countries (Jordan, Syria, Egypt, and Israel). The 1960s and 1970s witnessed a new wave of migration from diaspora countries to Europe and the United States. It is estimated that there are now more than 100,000 Circassian living in the European Union countries. The community in Kosovo expatriated to Adygea after the war in 1998. 
  8. قایناق خطاسی برچسب <ref> نامعتبر؛ متنی برای ارجاع‌های با نام RussiaCensus وارد نشده‌است
  9. ۹٫۰ ۹٫۱ ۹٫۲ ۹٫۳ (2008) «Circassian World Responses to the New Challenges». PONARS Eurasia Policy Memo No. 54. یوْخلانیلیب8 May 2016.
  10. "Syrian Circassians returning to Russia’s Caucasus region". TRTWorld. TRTWorld and agencies. 2015. Archived from the original on 1 June 2016. Retrieved 8 May 2016. Currently, approximately 80,000 ethnic Circassians live in Syria after their ancestors were forced out of the northern Caucasus by Russians between 1863 and 1867. 
  11. "The Russian Presidential Council for Civil Society and Human Rights calls for the hosting of Syrian refugees in Russia.". Sputniknews. 2015. Retrieved 8 May 2016. 
  12. single | The Jamestown Foundation. Jamestown.org (7 May 2013). یوْخلانیلیب20 August 2013.
  13. Lopes, Tiago André Ferreira. The Offspring of the Arab Spring. Strategic Outlook. Observatory for Human Security (OSH). یوْخلانیلیب16 June 2013.
  14. Besleney, Zeynel Abidin (2014). The Circassian Diaspora in Turkey: A Political History. Routledge. p. 96. ISBN 978-1317910046. 
  15. Torstrick, Rebecca L. (2004). Culture and Customs of Israel. Greenwood Publishing Group. p. 46. ISBN 978-0313320910. 
  16. Louër, Laurence (2007). To be an Arab in Israel. Columbia University Press. p. 20. ISBN 978-0231140683. 
  17. Prepared by Antoniy Galabov National Report Bulgaria p. 20. Council of Europe.