چین-ژاپون ساواشی (۱۹۳۷—۱۹۴۵)

ویکی‌پدیا، آچیق بیلیک‌لیک‌دن
پرش به ناوبری پرش به جستجو
Second Sino-Japanese War
the ایکینجی دۆنیا ساواش‌سینده ساکیت اوقیانوس جبهه‌سی of ایکینجی دونیا ساواشی[lower-alpha ۱] نین بیر بخشی
Second Sino-Japanese War collection.png
Clockwise from top left: The Imperial Japanese Navy (IJN) Special Naval Landing Forces troops in gas masks prepare for an شانقهای دؤیوشو, 1944 ایچی-قو عملیاتی IJA Type 92 Heavy machine gun, dead victims of the نانجینق قتل‌عامی on the shore of the قینهوای چایی with a Japanese soldier standing nearby, Chinese machine gun nest in the ووهان دؤیوشو, Japanese Bombing of Chongqing, the Chinese Expeditionary Force in India in 1942
تاریخ July 7, 1937 – September 2, 1945
Minor fighting since September 18, 1931
(8 years, 1 month, 3 weeks and 5 days)
یئر Mainland China and Burma
نتیجه

دییشیکلیکلر
China recovered all territories lost to ژاپون ایمپیراتورلوغو since the Treaty of Shimonoseki, but lost Outer Mongolia.
طرفلر
باشچیلار
گۆجلر
تلفات
  • Chinese Nationalists:
    • Official ROC data:
      • 1,320,000 killed
      • 1,797,000 wounded
      • 120,000 missing
      • Total: 3,237,000[۱۲][۱۳]
    • Other estimates:
      • 1,319,000–4,000,000+ military dead and missing
      • 500,000 captured[۱۴][۱۵]
  • Total: 3,211,000–10,000,000+ military casualties[۱۵][۱۶]
  • Chinese Communists:
    • Official PRC data:
      • 160,603 military dead
      • 290,467 wounded
      • 87,208 missing
      • 45,989 POWs
      • Total: 584,267 military casualties[۱۷]
    • Other estimates:
  • Total:
  • Japanese:
  • Puppet states and collaborators:
    • 288,140–574,560 dead
    • 742,000 wounded
    • Middle estimate: 960,000 dead and wounded[۲۳][۲۴]
  • Total:
  • c. 3,000,000 – 5,000,000 military casualties after July 1937 (excluding Manchuria and برمه کمپینی)[lower-alpha ۴]
Chinese civilian deaths:
17,000,000–22,000,000[۱۳]
  1. From 1941 onward
  2. This number does not include Japanese killed by Chinese forces in the Burma campaign and does not include Japanese killed in Manchuria.
  3. Excluding more than 1 million who were disarmed following the surrender of Japan
  4. Including casualties of Japanese puppet forces. The combined toll is most likely around 3,500,000: 2.5 million Japanese, per their own records, and 1,000,000 collaborators.

شابلون:WWIITheatre

چین-ژاپون ساواشی' — ۱۹۳۷–۱۹۴۵-جی ایللر آراسی چین و ژاپون آراسیندا باش وئرمیش موناقیشه.

گؤرونتولر[دَییشدیر]

  1. The Chinese Nationalist Army, ww2-weapons.com Retrieved 11 March 2016
  2. Hsiung, China's Bitter Victory, p. 171
  3. David Murray Horner (July 24, 2003). The Second World War: The Pacific. Taylor & Francis, 14–15. ISBN 978-0-415-96845-4. March 6, 2011 tarixində istifadə olunub.
  4. Hsiung (1992). China's Bitter Victory (en). Routledge, 79. ISBN 978-1563242465.
  5. 中国人民解放军历史资料丛书编审委员会 (1994). 八路军·表册 (zh). 解放军出版社, 第3页. ISBN 978-7-5065-2290-8.
  6. 丁星,《新四军初期的四个支队——新四军组织沿革简介(2)》【J】,铁军,2007年第2期,38–40页
  7. Hsiung, James C. (1992). China's Bitter Victory: The War With Japan, 1937–1945. New York: M.E. Sharpe publishing. ISBN 1-56324-246-X.
  8. (2012) Avoiding Armageddon: From the Great Wall to the Fall of France, 1918–40, 171. ISBN 978-1-4411-2387-9.
  9. RKKA General Staff, 1939. Retrieved 17 April 2016
  10. Ministry of Health and Welfare, 1964 Retrieved 11 March 2016
  11. Jowett, p. 72.
  12. Hsu Long-hsuen "History of the Sino-Japanese war (1937–1945)" Taipei 1972
  13. ۱۳٫۰ ۱۳٫۱ Clodfelter, Michael "Warfare and Armed Conflicts: A Statistical Reference", Vol. 2, pp. 956. Includes civilians who died due to famine and other environmental disasters caused by the war. Only includes the 'regular' Chinese army; does NOT include guerrillas and does not include Chinese casualties in Manchuria or Burma.
  14. ۱۴٫۰ ۱۴٫۱ ۱۴٫۲ Rummel, Table 6A..
  15. ۱۵٫۰ ۱۵٫۱ ۱۵٫۲ ۱۵٫۳ R. J. Rummel. China's Bloody Century. Transaction 1991 ISBN 0-88738-417-X.
  16. ۱۶٫۰ ۱۶٫۱ Rummel, Table 5A. Retrieved 5 October 2015.
  17. Meng Guoxiang & Zhang Qinyuan, 1995. "关于抗日战争中我国军民伤亡数字问题".
  18. Chidorigafuchi National Cemetery Retrieved 10 March 2016
  19. 戦争: 中国侵略(War: Invasion of China) (Japanese). 読売新聞社, 186. 15 January 2017 tarixində istifadə olunub.
  20. He Yingqin, "Eight Year Sino-Japanese War"
  21. Hsu, p. 565.
  22. Liu Feng, (2007). "血祭太阳旗: 百万侵华日军亡命实录". Central Compilation and Translation Press. ISBN 978-7-80109-030-0. Note: This Chinese publication analyses statistics provided by Japanese publications.
  23. R. J. Rummel. China's Bloody Century. Transaction 1991 ISBN 0-88738-417-X. Table 5A
  24. [۱] Retrieved 28 September 2015.