باتی‌لی موتتفیقلرین آلمان ایشغالی

ویکی‌پدیا، آچیق بیلیک‌لیک‌دن
پرش به ناوبری پرش به جستجو
Invasion of Germany
the Western Front of ایکینجی دونیا ساواشی نین بیر بخشی
United States Army soldiers supported by a M4 Sherman tank move through a smoke filled street in Wernberg, Germany during April 1945
American infantrymen of the U.S. 11th Armored Division supported by an M4 Sherman tank move through a smoke filled street in Wernberg, Germany, April 1945.
تاریخ 22 March – 8 May 1945
یئر Western Germany, Southern Germany
نتیجه Decisive Allied victory
طرفلر
Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg آمریکا بیرلشمیش ایالتلری
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg بیرلشمیش شاهلیق
France
Canadian Red Ensign (1921–1957).svg کانادا
Flag of Poland (1928–1980).svg لهیستان
 نازی آلمان Surrendered
Hungary[۱]
باشچیلار
آمریکا بیرلشمیش ایالتلری دوایت آیزنهاور
بیرلشمیش شاهلیق Bernard Montgomery
آمریکا بیرلشمیش ایالتلری Omar Bradley
آمریکا بیرلشمیش ایالتلری Jacob Devers
فرانسه Jean de Lattre de Tassigny
نازی آلمان آدولف هیتلر
نازی آلمان Albert Kesselring
نازی آلمان Gerd von Rundstedt
نازی آلمان Walter Model 
نازی آلمان Paul Hausser
نازی آلمان Johannes Blaskowitz
بخش‌های درگیر
آمریکا بیرلشمیش ایالتلریبیرلشمیش شاهلیق 1st Allied Airborne Army

آمریکا بیرلشمیش ایالتلری 12th Army Group

بیرلشمیش شاهلیق 21st Army Group

آمریکا بیرلشمیش ایالتلری 6th Army Group

نازی آلمان Army Group B

نازی آلمان Army Group G

نازی آلمان Army Group H

گۆجلر
4.5 million troops (91 Divisions)[۲] Initial:
~1 million troops [۳][۴]
~500 operational tanks and assault guns
تلفات
United States
62,704 casualties including 15,009 killed[۵]
Canada
6,298 casualties including 1,482 killed[۶]
UK
Unknown
French
Unknown
From January to May 1945: No reliable data available. Estimates range from 265,000 to 400,000 for all fronts.
  • US General George Marshall estimated about 263,000 German battle deaths on the Western Front for the period from 6 June 1944 to 8 May 1945, or a longer period (George C Marshall, Biennial reports of the Chief of Staff of the United States Army to the Secretary of War : 1 July 1939-30 June 1945. Washington, DC : Center of Military History, 1996. Page 202).
  • West German military historian Burkhart Müller-Hillebrand (Das Heer 1933–1945 Vol 3. Page 262) estimated 265,000 dead from all causes and 1,012,000 missing and prisoners of war on all German battlefronts from Jan 1, 1945 - April 30, 1945. No breakdown of these figures between the various battlefronts was provided.
  • US Army historian Charles B. MacDonald (The European Theater of Operations: The Last Offensive, Center of Military History, United States Army, Washington D.C., 1993, page 478) holds that "exclusive of prisoners of war, all German casualties in the west from D-day to V–E Day probably equaled or slightly exceeded Allied losses". In the related footnote he writes the following: "The only specific figures available are from OB WEST for the period 2 June 1941–10 April 1945 as follows: Dead, 80,819; wounded, 265,526; missing, 490,624; total, 836,969. (Of the total, 4,548 casualties were incurred prior to D-day.) See Rpts, Der Heeresarzt im Oberkommando des Heeres Gen St d H/Gen Qu, Az.: 1335 c/d (IIb) Nr.: H.A./263/45 g. Kdos. of 14 Apr 45 and 1335 c/d (Ilb) (no date, but before 1945). The former is in OCMH X 313, a photostat of a document contained in German armament folder H 17/207; the latter in folder 0KW/1561 (OKW Wehrmacht Verluste). These figures are for the field army only, and do not include the Luftwaffe and Waffen-SS. Since the Germans seldom remained in control of the battlefield in a position to verify the status of those missing, a considerable percentage of the missing probably were killed. Time lag in reporting probably precludes these figures' reflecting the heavy losses during the Allied drive to the Rhine in March, and the cut-off date precludes inclusion of the losses in the Ruhr Pocket and in other stages of the fight in central Germany."
  • German military historian Rüdiger Overmans (Deutsche militärische Verluste im Zweiten Weltkrieg, Oldenbourg 2000, pp.265-272) maintains, based on extrapolations from a statistical sample of the German military personnel records.(see German casualties in World War II), that the German armed forces suffered 1,230,045 deaths in the "Final Battles" on the Eastern and Western Fronts from January to May 1945. This figure is broken down as follows (p. 272): 401,660 killed, 131,066 dead from other causes, 697,319 missing and presumed dead. According to Overmans the figures are calculated at "todeszeitpunkt" the point of death, which means the losses occurred between January to May 1945. The number of POW deaths in Western captivity calculated by Overmans, based on the actual reported cases is 76,000 (p. 286). Between 1962 and 1974 by a German government commission, the Maschke Commission put the figure at 31,300 in western captivity.(p. 286) Overmans maintains (pp. 275, 279) that all 1,230,045 deaths occurred during the period from January to May 1945. He states that there is not sufficient data to give an exact breakout of the 1.2 million dead in the final battles (p.174). He did however make a rough estimate of the allocation for total war losses of 5.3 million; 4 million (75%) on the Eastern front, 1 million (20%) in the West and 500,000 (10%) in other theaters. Up until Dec. 1944 losses in the West were 340,000, this indicates losses could be 400,000 to 600,000 deaths in the Western theater from January to May 1945 (p.265). Overmans does not consider the high losses in early 1945 surprising in view of the bitter fighting, he notes that there were many deaths in the Ruhr pocket (p.240) According to Overmans the total dead including POW deaths, in all theaters from Jan-May 1945 was 1,407,000 (January-452,000; February-295,000; March-284,000; April-282,000; May-94,000) No breakout by theater for these losses is provided.(p.239)</ref>
    Approx. 200,000 captured during Jan-March 1945 and 4.4 million surrendered in April–June 1945.

باتی‌لی موتتفیقلرین آلمان ایشغالی (اینگیلیسجه: Western Allied invasion of Germany) ایکینجی جبههنین بیر قیسمی‌دیر.

گؤرونتولر[دَییشدیر]

قایناق‌لار[دَییشدیر]

اینگیلیسجه ویکی‌پدیاسی‌نین ایشلدنلری طرفیندن یارانمیش«Western Allied invasion of Germany»، مقاله‌سیندن گؤتورولوبدور.( ۲۸ سپتامبر ۲۰۱۸ تاریخینده یوْخلانیلیبدیر).

قارداش پروژه‌لرده باتی‌لی موتتفیقلرین آلمان ایشغالی گؤره داها آرتیق بیلگی‌لر تاپابیلرسینیز.


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