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جئیمز مدیسون

ویکی‌پدیا، آچیق بیلیک‌لیک‌دن
پرش به ناوبری پرش به جستجو
James Madison
James Madison(cropped)(c).jpg
4th President of the United States
March 4, 1809 – March 4, 1817
Vice Presidentجورج کلینتون (1809–12)
None (1812–1813)[lower-alpha ۱]
البریج جری (1813–14)
None (1814–1817)[lower-alpha ۱]
قاباقکیتوماس جفرسون
سونراکیجئیمز مونرو
5th United States Secretary of State
May 2, 1801 – March 3, 1809
Presidentتوماس جفرسون
قاباقکیجان مارشال
سونراکیروبرت ایسمیت (سیاستچی)
U.S. نوماینده‌لر مجلیسی-نین عوضوو
منطقه‌سی: ویرجینیا ایالتی 15th بؤلگه
March 4, 1793 – March 4, 1797
قاباقکیConstituency established
سونراکیJohn Dawson
U.S. نوماینده‌لر مجلیسی-نین عوضوو
منطقه‌سی: ویرجینیا ایالتی 5th بؤلگه
March 4, 1789 – March 4, 1793
قاباقکیConstituency established
سونراکیGeorge Hancock
Delegate to the
Congress of the Confederation
from ویرجینیا ایالتی
November 6, 1786 – October 30, 1787
قاباقکیSeat established
سونراکیCyrus Griffin
March 1, 1781 – November 1, 1783
قاباقکیSeat established
سونراکیتوماس جفرسون
شخصی بیلگیلر
دوغوم۱۶ مارس ۱۷۵۱
پورت کانوی، ویرجینیا, Colony of Virginia, British America
اولوم۲۸ ژوئن ۱۸۳۶ میلادی (۸۵ یاش)
Orange, Virginia, U.S.
Cause of deathCongestive heart failure
ایستراحت یئریMontpelier
سیاسی حزبیDemocratic-Republican
حیات یولداشلاریDolley Payne Todd (ائولی ۱۷۹۴)
اوشاخلاریJohn (stepson)
والئدینیJames Madison Sr.
جئیمز مدیسون
تحصیلپرینستون بیلیم‌یوردو (BA)
ایمضاسیCursive signature in ink
Military service
AllegianceColony of Virginia
Branch/serviceVirginia militia
Years of service1775

جیمز مدیسون

جئیمز مدیسون (اینگیلیسجه: James madison)، (دوغوم:۱۷۵۱،اؤلوم:۱۸۳۶) آمریکا بیرلشمیش ایالتلری اؤلکه‌سی‌نین ۴اینجی جومهورباشقانی. ۱۸۱۷دن۱۸۰۹ قدر ایش اؤستونده اولدو.


  1. ۱٫۰ ۱٫۱ Vice President Clinton and Vice President Gerry both died in office. Neither was replaced for the remainder of their respective terms, as the Constitution did not have a provision for filling a vice presidential vacancy prior to the adoption of the Twenty-Fifth Amendment in 1967.



آرتیق اوخو[دَییشدیر]


Analytic studies[دَییشدیر]

  • (March 2014) «Designing checks and balances». Quarterly Journal of Political Science 9 (1): 45–86. DOI:10.1561/100.00013022.
  • Elkins, Stanley M.; McKitrick, Eric. (1995). The Age of Federalism. Oxford University Press.
  • Everdell, William (2000). The End of Kings: A History of Republics and Republicans. Univ. of Chicago Press.
  • Gabrielson, Teena (September 2009). «James Madison's Psychology of Public Opinion». Political Research Quarterly 62 (3): 431–44. DOI:10.1177/1065912908319607.
  • Harbert, Earl, ed. (1986). Henry Adams: History of the United States during the Administrations of James Madison. Library of America.
  • Kasper, Eric T. (2010). To Secure the Liberty of the People: James Madison's Bill of Rights and the Supreme Court's Interpretation. Northern Illinois University Press.
  • Kernell, Samuel, ed. (2003). James Madison: the Theory and Practice of Republican Government. Stanford Univ. Press.
  • Kester, Scott J. (2008). The Haunted Philosophe: James Madison, Republicanism, and Slavery. Lexington Books.
  • Muñoz, Vincent Phillip. (February 2003). «James Madison's Principle of Religious Liberty». American Political Science Review 97 (1): 17–32. DOI:10.1017/S0003055403000492.
  • Read, James H. (2000). Power Versus Liberty: Madison, Hamilton, Wilson and Jefferson. Univ. Press of Virginia.
  • Riemer, Neal (1986). James Madison: Creating the American Constitution. Congressional Quarterly.
  • Scarberry, Mark S. (April 2009). «John Leland and James Madison: Religious Influence on the Ratification of the Constitution and on the Proposal of the Bill of Rights». Penn State Law Review 113 (3): 733–800.
  • Sheehan, Colleen A. (October 1992). «The Politics of Public Opinion: James Madison's 'Notes on Government». William and Mary Quarterly 49 (3): 609. DOI:10.2307/2947174.
  • Sheehan, Colleen (October 2002). «Madison and the French Enlightenment». William and Mary Quarterly 59 (4): 925–56. DOI:10.2307/3491576.
  • Sheehan, Colleen (August 2004). «Madison v. Hamilton: The Battle Over Republicanism and the Role of Public Opinion». American Political Science Review 98 (3): 405–24. DOI:10.1017/S0003055404001248.
  • Sheehan, Colleen (2015). The Mind of James Madison: The Legacy of Classical Republicanism. Cambridge Univ. Press.
  • Vile, John R.; Pederson, William D.; Williams, Frank J., eds. (2008). James Madison: Philosopher, Founder, and Statesman. Ohio Univ. Press.
  • Watts, Steven (1990). «DREW R. MCCOY The Last of the Fathers: James Madison and the Republican Legacy». The American Historical Review 95: 1288–1289. DOI:10.2307/2163682.
  • Weiner, Greg. (2012). Madison's Metronome: The Constitution, Majority Rule, and the Tempo of American Politics. Univ. Press of Kansas.
  • (January 23, 2008) «Alumni who changed America, and the world: #1 – James Madison 1771». Princeton Alumni Weekly.
  • Wills, Garry (2005). Henry Adams and the Making of America. Houghton Mifflin.


  • Leibiger, Stuart, ed. (2013). A Companion to James Madison and James Monroe. John Wiley and Sons.
  • Wood, Gordon S. (2006). Is There a 'James Madison Problem'?. Penguin Press.

Primary sources[دَییشدیر]

ائشیک باغلانتیلار[دَییشدیر]

شابلون:Federalist Papers شابلون:United States Constitution signatories