لیندون بی. جانسون

ویکی‌پدیا، آچیق بیلیک‌لیک‌دن
پرش به ناوبری پرش به جستجو
لیندون بی. جانسون
37 Lyndon Johnson 3x4.jpg
36th President of the United States
In office
November 22, 1963 – January 20, 1969
Vice President
Preceded byجان اف. کندی
Succeeded byریچارد نیکسون
37th Vice President of the United States
In office
January 20, 1961 – November 22, 1963
Presidentجان اف. کندی
Preceded byریچارد نیکسون
Succeeded byهیوبرت هامفری
United States Senator
from تکزاس ایالتی
In office
January 3, 1949 – January 3, 1961
Preceded byدبلیو. لی اودنیل
Succeeded byویلیام ای. باکلی
Senate Majority Leader
In office
January 3, 1955 – January 3, 1961
Deputy
Preceded byویلیام اف. نولند
Succeeded byمایک منزفیلد
Senate Minority Leader
In office
January 3, 1953 – January 3, 1955
Deputyارل سی. کلمنتس
Preceded byاستایلز بریجز
Succeeded byویلیام اف. نولند
Chair of the Senate Democratic Caucus
In office
January 3, 1953 – January 3, 1961
Preceded byارنست دبلیو. مک‌فارلند
Succeeded byمایک منزفیلد
Senate Majority Whip
In office
January 3, 1951 – January 3, 1953
Leaderارنست دبلیو. مک‌فارلند
Preceded byفرانسیس جی. مایرز
Succeeded byلورت سالتونستال
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from تکزاس ایالتی's 10th district
In office
April 10, 1937 – January 3, 1949
Preceded byجیمز پی. بوچانان
Succeeded byHomer Thornberry
Personal details
Born
Lyndon Baines Johnson

۲۷ اوت ۱۹۰۸
استون‌وال تکزاس, U.S.
Died۲۲ ژانویه ۱۹۷۳ میلادی (۶۴ یاش)
Stonewall, Texas, U.S.
Resting placeJohnson Family Cemetery, Stonewall, Texas, U.S.[۱]
Political partyآمریکا بیرلشمیش ایالتلرین دموکرات حزبی
Spouse(s)لیدی برد جانسون (ائولی ۱۹۳۴)
Children
Parents
Education
Civilian awardsPresidential Medal of Freedom (ribbon).png Presidential Medal of Freedom (Posthumous; 1980)
SignatureCursive signature in ink.
Military service
Allegiance آمریکا بیرلشمیش ایالتلری
Branch/service آمریکا بیرلشمیش ایالتلرینین حربی دوننمئسی
Years of service
  • 1940–1941 (Inactive)
  • 1941–1942 (Active)
  • 1942–1964 (Reserve)
RankUS Navy O5 infobox.svg Commander
UnitU.S. Naval Reserve
Battles/wars
Military awardsSilver Star Medal ribbon.svg Silver Star


لیندون بنیز جانسون

لیندون بنیز جانسون اینگیلیسجه: Lyndon B. Johnson (دوغوم:۱۹۰۸،اؤلوم:۱۹۷۳) آمریکا بیرلشمیش ایالتلری اؤلکه‌سی‌نین ۳۶اینجی جومهورباشقانی . ۱۹۶۳دن ۱۹۶۹ قدر ایش اؤستونده اولدو.


نوتلار[دَییشدیر]

  1. Johnson was Vice President under جان اف. کندی and became President upon Kennedy's assassination on November 22, 1963. As this was prior to the adoption of the Twenty-Fifth Amendment in 1967, a vacancy in the office of Vice President was not filled until the next ensuing election and inauguration.

قایناقلار[دَییشدیر]

قایناقلامالار[دَییشدیر]

  • Bernstein, Irving (1996). Guns or Butter: The Presidency of Lyndon Johnson. New York: Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0195063127.
  • Caro, Robert (1982). The Years of Lyndon Johnson: The Path to Power. Alfred A. Knopf. ISBN 978-0679729457.
  • Caro, Robert (1990). The Years of Lyndon Johnson: Means of Ascent. Alfred A. Knopf. ISBN 978-0394528359.
  • Caro, Robert (2002). The Years of Lyndon Johnson: Master Of The Senate. Alfred A. Knopf. ISBN 978-0394720951.
  • Caro, Robert (2012). The Years of Lyndon Johnson: The Passage of Power. Alfred A. Knopf. ISBN 978-0375713255.
  • Dallek, Robert (1991). Lone Star Rising: Lyndon Johnson and His Times, 1961–1973. Oxford University Press.
  • Dallek, Robert (1998). Flawed Giant: Lyndon Johnson and His Times, 1961–1973. Oxford University Press. p. 524. ISBN 978-0195054651.
  • Gould, Lewis L. (2010). 1968: The Election That Changed America. Chicago: Ivan R. Dee. ISBN 978-1566638623. Retrieved October 25, 2015. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  • Reeves, Richard (1993). President Kennedy: Profile of Power. New York: Simon & Schuster. ISBN 978-0-671-64879-4. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link) CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  • Walsh, Kenneth T. (2003). Air Force One: a history of the presidents and their planes. New York: Hyperion. ISBN 978-1-4013-0004-3.
  • Woods, Randall (2006). LBJ: Architect of American Ambition. New York: Free Press. ISBN 978-0684834580.

آرتیق اوخو[دَییشدیر]

  • Andrew, John A. (1999). Lyndon Johnson and the Great Society. Chicago: Ivan R. Dee. ISBN 978-1566631853. OCLC 37884743.
  • Berman, Larry. Lyndon Johnson's War: The Road to Stalemate in Vietnam (1991)
  • Bornet, Vaughn Davis (1983). The Presidency of Lyndon B. Johnson. Lawrence: University Press of Kansas. ISBN 978-0700602421.
  • Brands, H. W. (1997). The Wages of Globalism: Lyndon Johnson and the Limits of American Power. New York: Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0195113778.
  • Cohen, Warren I., and Nancy Bernkopf Tuckerm, eds. Lyndon Johnson Confronts the World: American Foreign Policy 1963–1968 (Cambridge UP, 1994).
  • Colman, Jonathan. The Foreign Policy of Lyndon B. Johnson: The United States and the World, 1963–1969 (Edinburgh University Press, 2010)
  • Dallek, Robert (2004). Lyndon B. Johnson: Portrait of a President. New York: Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-1280502965., Abridged version of his two-volume biography
  • Ellis, Sylvia (2013). Freedom's Pragmatist: Lyndon Johnson and Civil Rights. Gainesville, FL: University Press of Florida.
  • Gavin, Francis J. and Mark Atwood Lawrence, eds. (2014) Beyond the Cold War: Lyndon Johnson and the New Global Challenges of the 1960s doi:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199790692.001.0001 online
  • Lichtenstein, Nelson, ed. Political Profiles: The Johnson Years. 1976. short biographies of 400+ key politicians
  • Schulman, Bruce J. (1995). Lyndon B. Johnson and American Liberalism: A Brief Biography with Documents. Boston: Bedford Books of St. Martin's Press. ISBN 978-0312083519.
  • Vandiver, Frank E. Shadows of Vietnam: Lyndon Johnson's Wars (1997)
  • Woods, Randall B. Prisoners of Hope: Lyndon B. Johnson, the Great Society, and the Limits of Liberalism (2016), 480pp.
  • Zarefsky, David. President Johnson's War on Poverty (1986).

Historiography[دَییشدیر]

  • Catsam, Derek. "The Civil Rights Movement and the Presidency in the Hot Years of the Cold War: A Historical and Historiographical Assessment." History Compass 6#1 (2008): 314–344.
  • Germany, Kent B. "Historians and the Many Lyndon Johnsons: A Review Essay" Journal of Southern History (2009) 75#4 pp. 1001–1028. in JSTOR
  • Lerner, Mitchell B. A Companion to Lyndon B. Johnson (2012), Scholarly essays on all aspects of Johnson's career

ائشیک باغلانتیلار[دَییشدیر]