تئودور روزولت

ویکی‌پدیا، آچیق بیلیک‌لیک‌دن
پرش به ناوبری پرش به جستجو
تئودور روزولت
President Roosevelt - Pach Bros.jpg
Roosevelt around 1904
26th President of the United States
ایشله‌دیگی‌ایللر
September 14, 1901 – March 4, 1909
رئیس‌جومهورون موعاوینی None (1901–1905)[lower-alpha ۱]
چارلز دبلیو. فربنکس
(1905–1909)
قاباقجا ویلیام مک‌کینلی
سونراکی ویلیام هووارد تفت
25th Vice President of the United States
ایشله‌دیگی‌ایللر
March 4, 1901 – September 14, 1901
رئیس‌جومهور William McKinley
قاباقجا قرت هوبارت
سونراکی چارلز دبلیو. فربنکس
33rd Governor of New York
ایشله‌دیگی‌ایللر
January 1, 1899 – December 31, 1900
Lieutenant تیموتی ال. وودروف
قاباقجا فرانک اس. بلک
سونراکی بنجامین اودل (سیاستچی)
Assistant Secretary of the Navy
ایشله‌دیگی‌ایللر
April 19, 1897 – May 10, 1898
رئیس‌جومهور William McKinley
قاباقجا ویلیام مکادو (سیاستچی)
سونراکی چارلز هربرت آلن
President of the New York City Board of Police Commissioners
ایشله‌دیگی‌ایللر
May 6, 1895 – April 19, 1897[۱]
قاباقجا James J. Martin
سونراکی Frank Moss
New York State Assembly Minority Leader
ایشله‌دیگی‌ایللر
January 1, 1883 – December 31, 1883
قاباقجا Thomas G. Alvord
سونراکی Frank Rice
Member of the New York State Assembly
from the 21st district
ایشله‌دیگی‌ایللر
January 1, 1882 – December 31, 1884
قاباقجا William J. Trimble
سونراکی Henry A. Barnum
شخصی بیلگی‌لر
دوغوم Theodore Roosevelt Jr.
۲۷ اکتبر ۱۸۵۸
منهتن, نیویورک, نیویورک ایالتی, U.S.
اؤلوم ۶ ژانویه ۱۹۱۹ میلادی (۶۰ یاش)
Oyster Bay, New York, U.S.
ایستراحت یئری Youngs Memorial Cemetery, Oyster Bay, New York, U.S.
سیاسی حیزبی آمریکا بیرلشمیش ایالتلرین جومهوری حزبی (1880–1911, 1916–1919)
آیری سیاسی
منصوبیاتلار
Progressive "Bull Moose" (1912–1916)
حیات‌یولداشی
اؤنسیت Roosevelt family
اوشاقلار
والدین‌لر Theodore Roosevelt Sr.
Martha Stewart Bulloch
تحصیل هاروارد بیلیم‌یوردو (AB)
پئشه Author
Civilian awards Nobel Prize.png Nobel Peace Prize (1906)
ایمضاسی Cursive signature in ink
حربی خیدمتلر
Service/branch New York Army National Guard
خیدمت ایللری 1882–1886, 1898
درجه Colonel
باشچیلیق 1st United States Volunteer Cavalry
موحاریبه‌لر ایسپانیا-آمریکا ساواشی
 • Battle of Las Guasimas
 • Battle of San Juan Hill
Military awards Medal of Honor ribbon.svg Medal of Honor
(posthumously; 2001)

تئودور روزولت اینگیلیسجه: Theodore roosevelt (دوغوم:۱۸۵۸،اؤلوم:۱۹۱۹) آمریکا بیرلشمیش ایالتلری اؤلکه‌سی‌نین ۲۶اینجی جومهورباشقانی . ۱۹۰۱دن ۱۹۰۹ قدر ایش اؤستونده اولدو.



نوتلار[دَییشدیر]

  1. He was vice president under ویلیام مک‌کینلی and became president upon McKinley's assassination on September 14, 1901. This was prior to the adoption of the Twenty-Fifth Amendment in 1967, and a vacancy in the office of vice president was not filled until the next election and inauguration.

قایناقلار[دَییشدیر]

  1. A Chronology. Theodore Roosevelt Association online Accessed December 2, 2018

قایناق خطاسی برچسپ <ref> که با نام «MPC-object» درون <references> تعریف شده، در متن قبل از آن استفاده نشده‌است.

قایناق خطاسی برچسپ <ref> که با نام «MPC-Circulars-Archive» درون <references> تعریف شده، در متن قبل از آن استفاده نشده‌است.

کیتاب تانیتیمی[دَییشدیر]

Full biographies[دَییشدیر]

Personality and activities[دَییشدیر]

Domestic policies[دَییشدیر]

  • Brinkley, Douglas (2009). The Wilderness Warrior: Theodore Roosevelt and the Crusade for America. New York: HarperCollins. online review; another online review
  • Cutright, P.R. (1985) Theodore Roosevelt: The making of a Modern Conservationist (U of Illinois Press.)
  • Dorsey, Leroy G (1997), "The Frontier Myth and Teddy Roosevelt's Fight for Conservation", in Gerster, Patrick; Cords, Nicholas, Myth America: A Historical Anthology II, St. James, NY: Brandywine Press, ISBN 1-881089-97-5 .
  • Gould, Lewis L (2011), The Presidency of Theodore Roosevelt (2nd ed.) , standard history of his domestic and foreign policy as president.
  • Bakari, Mohamed El-Kamel. "Mapping the ‘Anthropocentric-ecocentric’Dualism in the History of American Presidency: The Good, the Bad, and the Ambivalent." Journal of Studies in Social Sciences 14, no. 2 (2016).
  • Keller, Morton, ed. (1967), Theodore Roosevelt: A Profile (excerpts from TR and from historians) .
  • Murphey, William (March 2013), "Theodore Roosevelt and the Bureau of Corporation: Executive-Corporate Cooperation and the Advancement of the Regulatory State", American Nineteenth Century History 14 (1): 73–111, doi:10.1080/14664658.2013.774983 .
  • Redekop, Benjamin. (2015). "Embodying the Story: The Conservation Leadership of Theodore Roosevelt". Leadership (2015) DOI:10.1177/1742715014546875 online
  • Swanson, Ryan A (2011), "'I Never Was a Champion at Anything': Theodore Roosevelt's Complex and Contradictory Record as America's 'Sports President'", Journal of Sport History 38 (3): 425–46 .
  • Zacks, Richard (2012), Island of Vice: Theodore Roosevelt's Doomed Quest to Clean Up Sin-Loving New York .

Politics[دَییشدیر]

  • Blum, John Morton (1954), The Republican Roosevelt, Cambridge: Harvard University Press, OCLC 310975 . How TR did politics.
  • Chace, James (2004), 1912: Wilson, Roosevelt, Taft, and Debs: The Election That Changed the Country, ISBN 978-0-7432-0394-4 , 323 pp.
  • Chambers, John W. (1974), Woodward, C. Vann, ed., Responses of the Presidents to Charges of Misconduct, New York, New York: Delacorte Press, pp. 207–237, ISBN 0-440-05923-2 
  • Gould, Lewis L (2008), Four Hats in the Ring: The 1912 Election and the Birth of Modern American Politics (by a leading scholar), ISBN 978-0700615643 .
  • Haverkamp, Michael (2001), "Rossevelt and Taft: How the Republican Vote Split in Ohio in 1912", Ohio History 110 (1): 121–35, archived from the original on March 5, 2008  Unknown parameter |url-status= ignored (help).
  • Kohn, Edward P (Spring 2006), "A Necessary Defeat: Theodore Roosevelt and the New York Mayoral Election of 1886", New York History 87: 205–27 .
  • ——— (2006), "Crossing the Rubicon: Theodore Roosevelt, Henry Cabot Lodge, and the 1884 Republican National Convention", Journal of the Gilded Age and Progressive Era 5 (1): 18–45, doi:10.1017/s1537781400002851 .
  • Leuchtenberg, William E. (2015), The American President: From Teddy Roosevelt to Bill Clinton, Oxford University Press 
  • Milkis, Sidney M (2009), Theodore Roosevelt, the Progressive Party, and the Transformation of American Democracy, Lawrence: University Press of Kansas . 361 pp.
  • Mowry, George E (1939), "Theodore Roosevelt and the Election of 1910", The Mississippi Valley Historical Review 25 (4): 523–34, JSTOR 1892499, doi:10.2307/1892499 .
  • ——— (1946), Theodore Roosevelt and the Progressive Movement . Focus on 1912; online free
  • ——— (1954), The Era of Theodore Roosevelt and the Birth of Modern America, 1900–1912 (general survey of era) . online free
  • Powell, Jim (2006), Bully Boy: The Truth About Theodore Roosevelt's Legacy, Crown Forum, ISBN 0-307-23722-2 . Attacks TR policies from conservative/libertarian perspective.
  • Ruddy, Daniel (2016), Theodore the Great: Conservative Crusader, Washington D.C.: Regnery History, ISBN 978-1-62157-441-5 

Foreign and military policies[دَییشدیر]

  • Beale, Howard K (1956), Theodore Roosevelt and the Rise of America to World Power (standard history of his foreign policy) .
  • Hendrix, Henry J (2009), Theodore Roosevelt's Naval Diplomacy: The US Navy & the Birth of the American Century .
  • Holmes, James R (2006), Theodore Roosevelt and World Order: Police Power in International Relations . 328 pp.
  • Jones, Gregg (2012), Honor in the Dust: Theodore Roosevelt, War in the Philippines, and the Rise and Fall of America's Imperial Dream 
  • Marks III, Frederick W (1979), Velvet on Iron: The Diplomacy of Theodore Roosevelt .
  • McCullough, David (1977), The Path between the Seas: The Creation of the Panama Canal, 1870–1914 .
  • Mears, Dwight S. (2018). The Medal of Honor: The Evolution of America's Highest Military Decoration. Lawrence, KS: University Press of Kansas. ISBN 9780700626656. OCLC 1032014828. 
  • Oyos, Matthew (2011), "Courage, Careers, and Comrades: Theodore Roosevelt and the United States Army Officer Corps", Journal of the Gilded Age and Progressive Era 10 (1): 23–58, doi:10.1017/s1537781410000022 .
  • Oyos, Matthew M. In Command: Theodore Roosevelt and the American Military (2018) online review
  • Pietrusza, David (2018). TR's Last War: Theodore Roosevelt, the Great War, and a Journey of Triumph and Tragedy
  • Ricard, Serge (2006), "The Roosevelt Corollary", Presidential Studies Quarterly 36 (1): 17–26, doi:10.1111/j.1741-5705.2006.00283.x .
  • ——— (2008), "Theodore Roosevelt: Imperialist or Global Strategist in the New Expansionist Age?", Diplomacy and Statecraft 19 (4): 639–57, doi:10.1080/09592290802564379 .
  • Rofe, J Simon (2008), "'Under the Influence of Mahan': Theodore and Franklin Roosevelt and their Understanding of American National Interest", Diplomacy and Statecraft 19 (4): 732–45, doi:10.1080/09592290802564536 .
  • ———; Thompson, John M (2011), "Internationalists in Isolationist times – Theodore and Franklin Roosevelt and a Rooseveltian Maxim", Journal of Transatlantic Studies 9 (1): 46–62, doi:10.1080/14794012.2011.550773 .
  • Tilchin, William N (1997), Theodore Roosevelt and the British Empire: A Study in Presidential Statecraft 
  • Tilchin, William N; Neu, Charles E, eds. (2006), Artists of Power: Theodore Roosevelt, Woodrow Wilson, and Their Enduring Impact on US Foreign Policy, Praeger . 196 pp.

Historiography[دَییشدیر]

  • Dalton, Kathleen. "Changing interpretations of Theodore Roosevelt and the Progressive era." in Christopher M. Nichols and Nancy C. Unger, eds A Companion to the Gilded Age and Progressive Era (2017): 296–307.
  • Grantham, Dewey W., Jr. "Theodore Roosevelt in American Historical Writing, 1945–1960." Mid-America 43#1 (January 1961): 3–35.
  • Ricard, Serge. "The State of Theodore Roosevelt Studies" H-Diplo Essay No. 116 24 October 2014 online
  • Ricard, Serge, ed. (2011), A Companion to Theodore Roosevelt, ISBN 978-1444331400 , excerpt and text search, 28 new essays by scholars; focus on historiography. online
  • Tilchin, William, "The Rising Star of Theodore Roosevelt's Diplomacy: Major Studies from Beale to the Present." Theodore Roosevelt Association Journal 15#3 (Summer 1989):2–24.

Primary sources[دَییشدیر]

ائشیک باغلانتیلار[دَییشدیر]

رسمی[دَییشدیر]

Organizations[دَییشدیر]

Libraries and collections[دَییشدیر]

مدیا[دَییشدیر]

آیری[دَییشدیر]