جورج دبلیو بوش

ویکی‌پدیادان، آچیق بیلیک‌لیک‌دن
George W. Bush
43rd President of the United States
January 20, 2001 – January 20, 2009
Vice Presidentدیک چئنی
قاباقکیبیل کلینتون
سونراکیباراک اوباما
46th Governor of Texas
January 17, 1995 – December 21, 2000
Lieutenantبوب بولوک
ریک پری
قاباقکیآن ریچاردز
سونراکیریک پری
شخصی بیلگیلر
George Walker Bush

۶ ژوئیهٔ ۱۹۴۶ ‏(۷۶ یاش)
نیو هاون، کانتیکت, U.S.
سیاسی حزبیآمریکا بیرلشمیش ایالتلرین جومهوری حزبی
حیات یولداشلاریلورا ولش بوش (ائولی ۱۹۷۷)
قوهوملاریSee Bush family
یاشاییش یئریکراوفورد، تکزاس, تکزاس ایالتی, U.S.
ایمضاسیCursive signature in ink
وبسایتیOfficial website
Presidential Library
Presidential Center
White House Archives
نیظامی خیدمت
باغلانتی‌سیUnited States
بوداق/خیدمتTexas Air National Guard
Alabama Air National Guard
Years of service1968–1974
درجهFirst lieutenant

جورج واکر بوش اینگیلیسجه: George Walker Bush (دوغوم : ۶ ژوئیهٔ ۱۹۴۶ ‏(۷۶ یاش)) آمریکا بیرلشمیش ایالتلری اؤلکه‌سی‌نین ۴۳اینجی جومهورباشقانی . ۲۰۰۱دن ۲۰۰۹ قدر ایش اۆستونده اولدو.جورج بوش بیر ساواش ایستین سیاستچی تانیلمیش جورج بوشون دونمینده آمریکا ایکی ساواشا گیردی بیری افغانیستان طالیبانین قارشیسیندا و دیگری عراق صدام حسینه قارشی افغانیستان ساواشین سببی ۱۱ سپتامبر حادیثه لری دی و عراق ساواشین سببی میکروبی و کیمیاسال بمبالار دی.

بو ایکی ساواش آمریکا ایقتیصادین چوخ پیس دوروما سالدی و ۲۰۰۸ ایلینده آمریکا ایقتیصادی کریزیه دوشدو.

جورج واکر بوشین اوشاقلیقی


  1. ^ "George W. Bush". Veteran Tributes.
  2. ^ CBS News, George W. Bush Timeline
  3. ^ "What Does Dubya Mean? | Politics by Dictionary.com". Everything After Z by Dictionary.com (in انگلیسی آمریکا). December 2, 2018-ده یوخلانیب.

آرتیق اوخو[دَییشدیر]


  • Abramson, Paul R., John H. Aldrich, and David W. Rohde. Change and Continuity in the 2004 and 2006 Elections (2007), 324pp excerpt and text search
  • Allard, Scott W. "The Changing Face of Welfare During the Bush Administration." Publius 2007 37(3): 304–332. ISSN 0048-5950
  • Barone, Michael. The Almanac of American Politics (2004, 2006, 2008, 2010), highly detailed coverage of electoral politics and Congress.
  • Berggren, D. Jason, and Nicol C. Rae. "Jimmy Carter and George W. Bush: Faith, Foreign Policy, and an Evangelical Presidential Style." Presidential Studies Quarterly. 36#4 2006. pp 606+. online edition
  • Campbell, Colin, Bert A. Rockman, and Andrew Rudalevige, eds.. The George W. Bush Legacy Congressional Quarterly Press, 2007, 352pp; 14 essays by scholars excerpts and online search from Amazon.com
  • Congressional Quarterly. CQ Almanac Plus highly detailed annual compilation of events in Congress, White House, Supreme Court, summarizing the weekly "Congressional Quarterly Weekly Report". (annual, 2002–2009)
  • Conlan, Tim and John Dinan. "Federalism, the Bush Administration, and the Transformation of American Conservatism." Publius 2007 37(3): 279–303. ISSN 0048-5950
  • Corrado, Anthony, E. J. Dionne Jr., Kathleen A. Frankovic. The Election of 2000: Reports and Interpretations (2001) online edition
  • Daynes, Byron W. and Glen Sussman. "Comparing the Environmental Policies of Presidents George H. W. Bush and George W. Bush." White House Studies 2007 7(2): 163–179. ISSN 1535-4768
  • Desch, Michael C. "Bush and the Generals." Foreign Affairs 2007 86(3): 97–108. ISSN 0015-7120 Fulltext: ابسکو صنایع‌سی
  • Eckersley, Robyn. "Ambushed: the Kyoto Protocol, the Bush Administration's Climate Policy and the Erosion of Legitimacy." International Politics 2007 44(2–3): 306–324. ISSN 1384-5748
  • Edwards III, George C. and Philip John Davies, eds. New Challenges for the American Presidency New York: Pearson Longman, 2004. 245 pp. articles from Presidential Studies Quarterly
  • Edwards III, George C. and Desmond King, eds. The Polarized Presidency of George W. Bush (2007), 478pp; essays by scholars; excerpt and online search from Amazon.com
  • Fortier, John C. and Norman J. Ornstein, eds. Second-term Blues: How George W. Bush Has Governed (2007), 146pp excerpt and online search from Amazon.com
  • Graham John D. Bush on the Home Front: Domestic Policy Triumphs and Setbacks (Indiana University Press, 2010) 425 pages; covers taxation, education, health care, energy, the environment, and regulatory reform.
  • Greenstein, Fred I. ed. The George W. Bush Presidency: An Early Assessment Johns Hopkins University Press, 2003
  • Greenstein, Fred I. "The Contemporary Presidency: The Changing Leadership of George W. Bush A Pre- and Post-9/11 Comparison" in Presidential Studies Quarterly v 32#2 2002 pp 387+. online edition
  • Gregg II, Gary L. and Mark J. Rozell, eds. Considering the Bush Presidency Oxford University Press, 2004. 210 pp. British perspectives
  • Hendrickson, Ryan C., and Kristina Spohr Readman, "From the Baltic to the Black Sea: Bush's NATO Enlargement." White House Studies. (2004) 4#3 pp: 319+. online edition
  • Hilliard, Bryan, Tom Lansford, and Robert P Watson, eds. George W. Bush: Evaluating the President at Midterm SUNY Press 2004
  • Jacobson, Gary C. "The Bush Presidency and the American Electorate" Presidential Studies Quarterly v 33 No.4 2003 pp 701+. online edition
  • Jacobson, Gary C. "Referendum: the 2006 Midterm Congressional Elections." Political Science Quarterly 2007 122(1): 1–24. ISSN 0032-3195 Fulltext: ابسکو صنایع‌سی
  • Milkis, Sidney M. and Jesse H. Rhodes. "George W. Bush, the Party System, and American Federalism." Publius 2007 37(3): 478–503. ISSN 0048-5950
  • Moens, Alexander The Foreign Policy of George W. Bush: Values, Strategy, and Loyalty. Ashgate, 2004. 227 pp.
  • Rabe, Barry. "Environmental Policy and the Bush Era: the Collision Between the Administrative Presidency and State Experimentation." Publius 2007 37(3): 413–431. ISSN 0048-5950
  • Sabato, Larry J. ed. The Sixth Year Itch: The Rise and Fall of the George W. Bush Presidency (2007), experts on the 2006 elections in major states
  • Smith, Jean Edward (2016). Bush. Simon & Schuster.
  • Strozeski, Josh, et al. "From Benign Neglect to Strategic Interest: the Role of Africa in the Foreign Policies of Bush 41 and 43." White House Studies 2007 7(1): 35–51. ISSN 1535-4768
  • Wekkin, Gary D. "George H. W. Bush and George W. Bush: Puzzling Presidencies, or the Puzzle of the Presidency?" White House Studies 2007 7(2): 113–124. ISSN 1535-4768
  • Wong, Kenneth and Gail Sunderman. "Education Accountability as a Presidential Priority: No Child Left Behind and the Bush Presidency." Publius 2007 37(3): 333–350. ISSN 0048-5950

Reflections on the Bush presidency[دَییشدیر]

  • Barnes, Fred. Rebel-in-Chief: How George W. Bush Is Redefining the Conservative Movement and Transforming America (2006)
  • Bartlett, Bruce. Impostor: How George W. Bush Bankrupted America and Betrayed the Reagan Legacy (2006)
  • Cheney, Dick. In My Time: A Personal and Political Memoir (2011)
  • Draper, Robert. Inside the Bush White House: The Presidency of George W. Bush (2007)
  • Ferguson, Michaele L. and Lori Jo Marso. W Stands for Women: How the George W. Bush Presidency Shaped a New Politics of Gender (2007)
  • Gerson, Michael J. Heroic Conservatism: Why Republicans Need to Embrace America's Ideals (And Why They Deserve to Fail If They Don't) (2007), excerpt and text search
  • Greenspan, Alan. The Age of Turbulence: Adventures in a New World (2007)
  • Hayes, Stephen F. Cheney: The Untold Story of America's Most Powerful and Controversial Vice President (2007), excerpts and online search
  • Hughes, Karen. George W. Bush: Portrait of a Leader (2005)
  • Mabry, Marcus. Twice as Good: Condoleezza Rice and Her Path to Power (2007)
  • Moore, James. and Wayne Slater. Bush's Brain: How Karl Rove Made George W. Bush Presidential (2003) online edition
  • Rice, Condoleezza. No Higher Honor: A Memoir of My Years in Washington (2011)
  • Rumsfeld, Donald. Known and Unknown: A Memoir (2011)
  • Suskind, Ron. The Price of Loyalty: George W. Bush, the White House, and the Education of Paul O'Neill (2004), excerpts and online search from Amazon.com
  • باب وودوارد. Plan of Attack (2003), excerpt and text search

Primary sources[دَییشدیر]

ائشیک باغلانتیلار[دَییشدیر]