اتانول

ویکی‌پدیا، آچیق بیلیک‌لیک‌دن
اتانول
Full structural formula of ethanol
Skeletal formula of ethanol
Ball-and-stick model of ethanol
Space-filling model of ethanol
Names
Pronunciation /ˈɛθənɒl/
Systematic IUPAC name
ethanol[۱]
Other names
Absolute alcohol, alcohol, cologne spirit, drinking alcohol, ethylic alcohol, EtOH, ethyl alcohol, ethyl hydrate, ethyl hydroxide, ethylol, grain alcohol, hydroxyethane, methylcarbinol
Identifiers
3D model (JSmol)
1718733
ChEBI
ChemSpider
DrugBank
ECHA InfoCard 100.000.526
E number E1510 (additional chemicals)
787
UNII
Properties
C2H6O
Molar mass ۴۶٫۰۷ g·mol−1
Appearance Colorless liquid
Density 0.7893 g/cm3 (at 20 °C)[۲]
Melting point [ابزار تبدیل: invalid number]رده:گزینه نادرست الگوی تبدیل
Boiling point [ابزار تبدیل: invalid number]رده:گزینه نادرست الگوی تبدیل
miscible
log P −0.18
Vapor pressure 5.95 kPa (at 20 °C)
Acidity (pKa) 15.9 (H2O), 29.8 (DMSO)[۳][۴]
Basicity (pKb) −1.9
-33.60·10−6 cm3/mol
1.3611[۲]
Viscosity 1.2 mPa·s (at 20 °C), 1.074 mPa·s (at 25 °C)[۵]
1.69 D[۶]
Pharmacology
Drug class Central nervous system depressant
D08AX08 (WHO) V03AB16 (WHO), V03AZ01 (WHO)
  • US: C (Risk not ruled out) [۱۲]
Moderate[۱۴]
Moderate (10–15%)[۱۳]
Common: by mouth, topical
Uncommon: suppository, inhalation, ocular, insufflation,[۷] injection[۸]
Pharmacokinetics:
Variable[۹]
Liver: alcohol dehydrogenase enzyme
Acetaldehyde, acetic acid, acetyl-CoA, carbon dioxide, water
None, constant rate elimination[۱۰]
Urine, breath, perspiration, tears, milk, saliva, bile[۱۰]
Legal status
  • AU: Unscheduled
  • CA: Unscheduled
  • DE: Unscheduled
  • NZ: Unscheduled
  • UK: Unscheduled
  • US: Unscheduled [۱۱]
  • UN: Unscheduled
  • EU: Unscheduled
Related compounds
Related compounds
Ethane
Methanol
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
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Infobox references

اتانول یوخسا الکول اتیلیک یا اتیل الکل یا اتیلیک الکل (اینگیلیسجه:Ethanol‎)، بیر نوع شیمیایی ترکیبدیر.

قایناقلار[دَییشدیر]

  1. قایناق خطاسی برچسب <ref> نامعتبر؛ متنی برای ارجاع‌های با نام Pubchem وارد نشده‌است
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